How Is the Transplant Done?
The actual transplantation of new cells is done through the patients’ central venous catheter (CVC), a hollow tube inserted into a vein through which medicine or other fluids can be fed. The cells are transplanted into the patient through an infusion, simply a process in which the new cells are delivered through the CVC into the vein. Most patients find the infusion relatively easy and painless. It is preceded by pre-transplant conditioning, when patients have radiation and/or chemotherapy to kill their diseased blood cells and the body’s immune system function, which normally would attack the new transplanted cells. This then allows the healthy, infused cells to establish themselves within the body and function normally.