Clinical Trial VICCTHN1212
Randomized Phase II Study of Single Agent OSI-906, an Oral, Small Molecule, Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor (TKI) of the Insulin Growth Factor-1 Receptor (IGF-1R) Versus Topotecan for the Treatment of Patients with Relapsed Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC)
- Protocol No. VICCTHN1212
- Open Date: 09/12/2012
- Staging: Phase II
- Age Group: Adults
- Scope: National
- Objective: To compare the progression free survival (PFS) of single agent OSI-906 to that of single agent topotecan in patients with relapsed SCLC. Kaplan-Meier (K-M) survival curves will be generated.
- Disease Sites: Lung; Small Cell
- Therapies: Chemotherapy - cytotoxic; Molecular Targeted Agents / Immunotherapy / Biologics
- Drugs: OSI-906; Topotecan (hycamtin) Oral; Topotecan (parenteral) IV
- Participating Institutions: Vanderbilt University
- National Clinical Trial ID: NCT01387386
- Secondary Protocol No: 8873
Patients are being asked to take part in this research study because you have relapsed or recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSLC). The purpose of this study is to evaluate how OSI-906 compares to Topotecan in trying to slow down the growth and/or progression of the tumors of patients with relapsed or recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer. This study also plans to find out what effects, good or bad (side effects), OSI-906 has on patients and or their Small Cell Lung Cancer and to investigate if some proteins measured in the blood or tumor and some imaging features obtained from your CT scans can help predict whether OSI-906 or Topotecan will be effective against Small Cell Lung Cancer. In some type of cancers such as Small Cell Lung Cancer, a protein called IGF-1R can be overactive. This protein can be important for cancer cells to be able to reproduce and survive. Because OSI-906 can prevent IGF-1R from working properly, it may keep the cancer cells from growing and living so the cancer may shrink or its growth may slow down. OSI-906 is an "investigational" anti-cancer drug, which means it has not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for use in patients with Small Cell Lung Cancer. Topotecan is an FDA approved drug for the treatment of patients with relapsed or recurrent Small Cell Lung Cancer. About 95 people will take part in this study at multiple sites, with about 12 people in this study at Vanderbilt University.
|Ages Eligible for Study:||18 Years and older|
|Genders Eligible for Study:||Both|
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:||No|
• Histologically or cytologically confirmed SCLC
• Patients must have measurable disease as defined in the protocol document. At least one lesion that can be accurately measured is required.
• Must have progression of disease after receiving ONLY 1 previous platinum-containing regimen. Prior treatment with biological response modifiers or targeted agents will NOT count towards this requirement. Previous topotecan or any type of pharmacologic IGF-1R inhibition are NOT allowed.
• Life expectancy > 6 weeks
• Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) ≤2; Karnofsky ≥60%
• Adequate hematologic (bone marrow), hepatic and renal function as defined below (within 4 weeks prior to enrollment): leukocytes (WBC) ≥3,000/mcL OR absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥1,500/mcL AND platelets ≥100,000/mcL; total bilirubin within normal institutional limits (NIL); aspartate aminotransferase (AST)[serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT)] / alanine aminotransferase (ALT)[serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT)] ≤2.0 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN) without demonstrable liver metastases OR < 5.0 times ULN within liver metastases present; Serum creatinine within NIL OR measured/calculated creatinine clearance (CrCl) ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m^2 for patients with creatinine levels above NIL; Fasting blood glucose <160 mg/dL at baseline
• Patients on oral antihyperglycemic therapies may be enrolled provided they have been taking a stable dose of these medications for ≥2 weeks at the time of randomization.
• Prior radiation is permitted IF the site(s) of measurable disease has progressed since prior irradiation and radiation is completed at least 2 weeks before initiation of drug treatment (stereotactic radiotherapy excluded).
• Patients with central nervous system (CNS) metastases are ELIGIBLE, provided that prior to drug treatment, the metastases have been treated, remain clinically or radiographically stable and the patient has no significant neurologic symptoms.
• Patients must NOT have prior malignancy EXCEPT for the following: adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer, in situ cervical cancer, adequately treated Stage I or II cancer from which the patient is currently in complete remission, or any other cancer from which the patient has been disease-free for ≥ 3 years.
• Women of child-bearing potential (WOCBP) and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. WOCBP must provide a negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) within 14 days prior to registration.
• Available archival tumor tissue is NOT mandatory for enrollment (will be requested).
• Patients must have the ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document.
• Have had chemotherapy within 3 weeks (6 weeks for nitrosoureas or mitomycin C) or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier
• Receiving any other investigational agents
• Patients with CNS metastases are NOT EXCLUDED, provided that prior to drug treatment, the metastases have been treated, remain radiographically stable and the patient has no significant neurologic symptoms.
• History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to OSI-906 or other agents used in the study (topotecan)
• The primary route of metabolism of OSI-906 involves CYP1A2. While CYP1A2 inhibitors/inducers are not specifically excluded, investigators should be aware that the metabolism and consequently overall pKs of OSI-906 (OSI-906 exposure) could be altered by concomitant use of these drugs (inhibitors, inducers and/or other substrates of CYP1A2). Exception: Potent CYP1A2 inhibitors ciprofloxacin and fluvoxamine are prohibited. OSI-906 is a moderate inhibitor of CYP2C9. While CYP2C9 substrates are not specifically excluded, investigators should be aware that levels of drugs metabolized by CYP2C9 may be increased by the concomitant administration of OSI-906. Caution should be used when administering CYP2C9 substrates to study patients. Lists including medications and substances known or with the potential to interact with CYP1A2 and CYP2C9.
• P-glycoprotein inhibitors (e.g., cyclosporine A, elacridar, ketoconazole, ritonavir, and saquinavir) can cause significant increases in topotecan exposure. The concomitant use of p-glycoprotein inhibitors with topotecan capsules is not allowed. Enzyme inhibition by Topotecan has not been evaluated in vivo but in vitro inhibition studies indicate that the activities of these enzymes were not altered by topotecan. Hence there are no specific exclusions for such medications that are metabolized through this pathway.
• Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, significant cardiac disease (i.e: symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, symptomatic or lifethreatening cardiac arrhythmia), or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
• Pregnant or breast-feeding women are excluded from this study. Prior negative pregnancy test is required.
• Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for Pharmacokinetic (pK) interactions with OSI-906. In addition, these patients are at increased risk of lethal infections when treated with marrow-suppressive therapy.
• Patients in the following scenarios are also excluded: corrected QT interval (QTc interval) >450 msec at baseline; concomitant drugs that prolong the QTc interval; Use of drugs that have a known risk of causing Torsades de Pointes (TdP) are prohibited within 14 days prior to randomization; Fasting blood glucose ≥160 mg/dl at baseline, these patients can initiate oral antihyperglycemic therapies and be retested or rescreened 2 weeks later to meet baseline fasting blood glucose criteria; Concomitant use of insulin or insulinotropic medications.
• Patients with cirrhosis of the liver are excluded from this study.
• Archival tumor tissue is NOT mandatory for enrollment, but will be requested.