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Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer CenterVanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

 
Sandra  Zinkel

Sandra Zinkel, M.D., Ph.D.

Assistant Professor of Medicine (Hematology/Oncology)
Assistant Professor of Cell & Developmental Biology
Assistant Professor of Cancer Biology
Medical Oncologist, Hematologist

Contact Information:

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
2220 Pierce Ave , PRB 548
Nashville , TN 37232-6307
615-936-1801
Fax: 615-936-3853

Education
  • M.D. - University of Chicago
  • Ph.D. - Molecular Biophysics and Biochemistry, Yale University
Research Specialty

BCL-2 family, BID, programmed cell death, hematopoiesis, Stem cells, DNA damage response, leukemia, Apoptosis, Biochemistry, Cancer, Cell cycle, DNA repair, Knockout, Mass spectroscopy, Mouse, Phosphorylation, Proteomics, Signal transduction

Research Description

My lab is interested in understanding the mechanisms by which normal and malignant cells regulate programmed cell death. Multicellular organisms have devised a tightly regulated, genetically programmed mechanism of cell suicide to maintain homeostasis and to prevent propagation of genetically damaged cells. The discovery of the BCL-2 family of genes uncovered the underlying genetic mechanism of this regulation, as well as a class of oncogenes that governs cell death rather than cell proliferation.

There are two major pathways that regulation programmed cell death: apoptosis and programmed necrosis. Simply, apoptotic cells implode in a relatively immune silent manner. Necrotic cells explode, releasing cellular contents and inciting an immune response- beneficial in settings of infection, but detrimental in settings of chronic damage, where the inflammation eliicited by necrotic cell death amplifies cellular damage. Current studies focus on how programmed cell death regulates homeostasis in the hematopoietic (blood) system. We have found that unrestrained programmed necrosis leads to bone marrow failure in mice that closely resembles the human disease Myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

The projects in my lab use hematopoietic cell culture systems, mouse models, immunofluorescence, electron microscopy, as well as flow cytometry and cell death assays to understand the signals and protein interactions that direct hematopoietic cells to die by apoptosis or necrosis. In addition, we use our mouse models to determine the effects of inhibiting necrosis on bone marrow failure and transformation to leukemia. An additional focus is to dissect the mechanism of Bcl-2 family members in mouse models of leukemia. Our studies provide new insights into the interplay between apoptosis and necrosis, and their role in hematopoiesis, bone marrow failure, and leukemogenesis.

Publications