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Stephen P. Bruehl, Ph.D.

Professor of Anesthesiology

Contact Information:

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
324 Medical Arts Building
Nashville, TN 37232-2125
615-936-1821

Publications
  • Bruehl S, Walker LS, Smith CA. Reply. Pain. 2017 Dec; 158(12): 2497-8. PMID: 29120950, PII: 00006396-201712000-00024, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001072, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29120950.
  • Gerhart JI, Burns JW, Bruehl S, Smith DA, Post KM, Porter LS, Schuster E, Buvanendran A, Fras AM, Keefe FJ. Variability in negative emotions among individuals with chronic low back pain: relationships with pain and function. Pain [print-electronic]. 2017 Nov 11/13/2017; PMID: 29140926, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001102, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29140926.
  • Stone AL, Bruehl S, Smith CA, Garber J, Walker LS. Social learning pathways in the relation between parental chronic pain and daily pain severity and functional impairment in adolescents with functional abdominal pain. Pain [print-electronic]. 2017 Oct 10/6/2017; PMID: 29016461, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001085, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29016461.
  • Bruehl S, Olsen RB, Tronstad C, Sevre K, Burns JW, Schirmer H, Nielsen CS, Stubhaug A, Rosseland LA. Chronic pain-related changes in cardiovascular regulation and impact on comorbid hypertension in a general population: the Tromsø study. Pain [print-electronic]. 2017 Sep 9/25/2017; PMID: 28953193, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000001070, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28953193.
  • de la Coba P, Bruehl S, Moreno-Padilla M, Reyes Del Paso GA. Responses to Slowly Repeated Evoked Pain Stimuli in Fibromyalgia Patients: Evidence of Enhanced Pain Sensitization. Pain Med. 2017 Sep 9/1/2017; 18(9): 1778-86. PMID: 28371909, PII: 3089769, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnw361, ISSN: 1526-4637.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28371909.
  • Maitre NL, Stark AR, McCoy Menser CC, Chorna OD, France DJ, Key AF, Wilkens K, Moore-Clingenpeel M, Wilkes DM, Bruehl S. Cry presence and amplitude do not reflect cortical processing of painful stimuli in newborns with distinct responses to touch or cold. Arch. Dis. Child. Fetal Neonatal Ed [print-electronic]. 2017 Sep; 102(5): F428-F433. PMID: 28500064, PMCID: PMC5651180, PII: archdischild-2016-312279, DOI: 10.1136/archdischild-2016-312279, ISSN: 1468-2052.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28500064.
  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, France CR, Schuster E, Orlowska D, Chont M, Gupta RK, Buvanendran A. Endogenous Opioid Function and Responses to Morphine: The Moderating Effects of Anger Expressiveness. J Pain [print-electronic]. 2017 Aug; 18(8): 923-32. PMID: 28365372, PMCID: PMC5729586, PII: S1526-5900(17)30521-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2017.02.439, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28365372.
  • Harden RN, Maihofner C, Abousaad E, Vatine JJ, Kirsling A, Perez RSGM, Kuroda M, Brunner F, Stanton-Hicks M, Marinus J, van Hilten JJ, Mackey S, Birklein F, Schlereth T, Mailis-Gagnon A, Graciosa J, Connoly SB, Dayanim D, Massey M, Frank H, Livshitz A, Bruehl S. A prospective, multisite, international validation of the Complex Regional Pain Syndrome Severity Score. Pain. 2017 Aug; 158(8): 1430-6. PMID: 28715350, PII: 00006396-201708000-00006, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000927, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28715350.
  • Walker LS, Stone AL, Smith CA, Bruehl S, Garber J, Puzanovova M, Diedrich A. Interacting influences of gender and chronic pain status on parasympathetically mediated heart rate variability in adolescents and young adults. Pain. 2017 Aug; 158(8): 1509-16. PMID: 28715351, PMCID: PMC5528172, PII: 00006396-201708000-00015, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000942, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28715351.
  • Grieve S, Perez RSGM, Birklein F, Brunner F, Bruehl S, Harden RN, Packham T, Gobeil F, Haigh R, Holly J, Terkelsen A, Davies L, Lewis J, Thomassen I, Connett R, Worth T, Vatine JJ, McCabe CS. Recommendations for a first Core Outcome Measurement set for complex regional PAin syndrome Clinical sTudies (COMPACT). Pain. 2017 Jun; 158(6): 1083-90. PMID: 28178071, PMCID: PMC5438049, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000866, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28178071.
  • Monroe TB, Fillingim RB, Bruehl SP, Rogers BP, Dietrich MS, Gore JC, Atalla SW, Cowan RL. Sex Differences in Brain Regions Modulating Pain Among Older Adults: A Cross-Sectional Resting State Functional Connectivity Study. Pain Med [print-electronic]. 2017 May 5/13/2017; PMID: 28505337, PII: 3826539, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnx084, ISSN: 1526-4637.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28505337.
  • Kent ML, Tighe PJ, Belfer I, Brennan TJ, Bruehl S, Brummett CM, Buckenmaier CC, Buvanendran A, Cohen RI, Desjardins P, Edwards D, Fillingim R, Gewandter J, Gordon DB, Hurley RW, Kehlet H, Loeser JD, Mackey S, McLean SA, Polomano R, Rahman S, Raja S, Rowbotham M, Suresh S, Schachtel B, Schreiber K, Schumacher M, Stacey B, Stanos S, Todd K, Turk DC, Weisman SJ, Wu C, Carr DB, Dworkin RH, Terman G. The ACTTION-APS-AAPM Pain Taxonomy (AAAPT) Multidimensional Approach to Classifying Acute Pain Conditions. Pain Med. 2017 May 5/1/2017; 18(5): 947-58. PMID: 28482098, PMCID: PMC5431381, PII: 3798726, DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnx019, ISSN: 1526-4637.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28482098.
  • Kent ML, Tighe PJ, Belfer I, Brennan TJ, Bruehl S, Brummett CM, Buckenmaier CC, Buvanendran A, Cohen RI, Desjardins P, Edwards D, Fillingim R, Gewandter J, Gordon DB, Hurley RW, Kehlet H, Loeser JD, Mackey S, McLean SA, Polomano R, Rahman S, Raja S, Rowbotham M, Suresh S, Schachtel B, Schreiber K, Schumacher M, Stacey B, Stanos S, Todd K, Turk DC, Weisman SJ, Wu C, Carr DB, Dworkin RH, Terman G. The ACTTION-APS-AAPM Pain Taxonomy (AAAPT) Multidimensional Approach to Classifying Acute Pain Conditions. J Pain. 2017 May; 18(5): 479-89. PMID: 28495013, PII: S1526-5900(17)30464-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2017.02.421, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28495013.
  • Reynolds WS, Brown ET, Danford J, Kaufman M, Wein A, Dmochowski R, Bruehl S. Temporal summation to thermal stimuli is elevated in women with overactive bladder syndrome. Neurourol. Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 36(4): 1108-12. PMID: 27434229, PMCID: PMC5247414, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23059, ISSN: 1520-6777.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27434229.
  • Reynolds WS, Mock S, Zhang X, Kaufman M, Wein A, Bruehl S, Dmochowski R. Somatic syndromes and chronic pain in women with overactive bladder. Neurourol. Urodyn [print-electronic]. 2017 Apr; 36(4): 1113-8. PMID: 27367486, PMCID: PMC5203978, DOI: 10.1002/nau.23060, ISSN: 1520-6777.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27367486.
  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, France CR, Schuster E, Orlowska D, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Gupta RK. Psychosocial factors predict opioid analgesia through endogenous opioid function. Pain. 2017 Mar; 158(3): 391-9. PMID: 27898491, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000768, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27898491.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Gupta R, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Orlowska D, Schuster E, France CR. Do Resting Plasma ß-Endorphin Levels Predict Responses to Opioid Analgesics?. Clin J Pain. 2017 Jan; 33(1): 12-20. PMID: 27183154, PMCID: PMC5107361, DOI: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000389, ISSN: 1536-5409.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27183154.
  • Chamessian A, Van de Ven T, Buchheit T, Hsia HL, McDuffie M, Gamazon ER, Walsh C, Bruehl S, Buckenmaier C', Shaw A. Differential expression of systemic inflammatory mediators in amputees with chronic residual limb pain. Pain. 2017 Jan; 158(1): 68-74. PMID: 27682210, PMCID: PMC5161626, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000728, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27682210.
  • Cowan RL, Beach PA, Atalla SW, Dietrich MS, Bruehl SP, Deng J, Wang J, Newhouse PA, Gore JC, Monroe TB. Sex Differences in the Psychophysical Response to Contact Heat in Moderate Cognitive Impairment Alzheimer's Disease: A Cross-Sectional Brief Report. J. Alzheimers Dis. 2017; 60(4): 1633-40. PMID: 28968238, PMCID: PMC5676864, PII: JAD170532, DOI: 10.3233/JAD-170532, ISSN: 1875-8908.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28968238.
  • Monroe TB, Beach PA, Bruehl SP, Dietrich MS, Rogers BP, Gore JC, Atalla SW, Cowan RL. The Impact of Alzheimer's Disease on the Resting State Functional Connectivity of Brain Regions Modulating Pain: A Cross Sectional Study. J. Alzheimers Dis. 2017; 57(1): 71-83. PMID: 28222526, PII: JAD161187, DOI: 10.3233/JAD-161187, ISSN: 1875-8908.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28222526.
  • Morris MC, Walker LS, Bruehl S, Stone AL, Mielock AS, Rao U. Impaired conditioned pain modulation in youth with functional abdominal pain. Pain. 2016 Oct; 157(10): 2375-81. PMID: 27389918, PMCID: PMC5028273, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000660, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27389918.
  • Bruehl S, Ohrbach R, Sharma S, Widerstrom-Noga E, Dworkin RH, Fillingim RB, Turk DC. Approaches to Demonstrating the Reliability and Validity of Core Diagnostic Criteria for Chronic Pain. J Pain. 2016 Sep; 17(9 Suppl): T118-31. PMID: 27586829, PII: S1526-5900(15)00929-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2015.10.014, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27586829.
  • Dworkin RH, Bruehl S, Fillingim RB, Loeser JD, Terman GW, Turk DC. Multidimensional Diagnostic Criteria for Chronic Pain: Introduction to the ACTTION-American Pain Society Pain Taxonomy (AAPT). J Pain. 2016 Sep; 17(9 Suppl): T1-9. PMID: 27586826, PII: S1526-5900(16)00561-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2016.02.010, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27586826.
  • Bruehl S, Maihöfner C, Stanton-Hicks M, Perez RS, Vatine JJ, Brunner F, Birklein F, Schlereth T, Mackey S, Mailis-Gagnon A, Livshitz A, Harden RN. Complex regional pain syndrome: evidence for warm and cold subtypes in a large prospective clinical sample. Pain. 2016 Aug; 157(8): 1674-81. PMID: 27023422, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000569, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27023422.
  • France CR, Burns JW, Gupta RK, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Schuster E, Orlowska D, Bruehl S. Expectancy Effects on Conditioned Pain Modulation Are Not Influenced by Naloxone or Morphine. Ann Behav Med. 2016 Aug; 50(4): 497-505. PMID: 26809850, PMCID: PMC4935576, PII: 10.1007/s12160-016-9775-y, DOI: 10.1007/s12160-016-9775-y, ISSN: 1532-4796.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26809850.
  • Reynolds WS, Dmochowski R, Wein A, Bruehl S. Does central sensitization help explain idiopathic overactive bladder?. Nat Rev Urol [print-electronic]. 2016 Aug; 13(8): 481-91. PMID: 27245505, PMCID: PMC4969200, PII: nrurol.2016.95, DOI: 10.1038/nrurol.2016.95, ISSN: 1759-4820.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27245505.
  • Monroe TB, Gibson SJ, Bruehl SP, Gore JC, Dietrich MS, Newhouse P, Atalla S, Cowan RL. Contact heat sensitivity and reports of unpleasantness in communicative people with mild to moderate cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease: a cross-sectional study. BMC Med. 2016 May 5/10/2016; 14: 74. PMID: 27164846, PMCID: PMC4863331, PII: 10.1186/s12916-016-0619-1, DOI: 10.1186/s12916-016-0619-1, ISSN: 1741-7015.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27164846.
  • Burns JW, Gerhart JI, Bruehl S, Post KM, Smith DA, Porter LS, Schuster E, Buvanendran A, Fras AM, Keefe FJ. Anger arousal and behavioral anger regulation in everyday life among people with chronic low back pain: Relationships with spouse responses and negative affect. Health Psychol [print-electronic]. 2016 Jan; 35(1): 29-40. PMID: 26030307, PII: 2015-23892-001, DOI: 10.1037/hea0000221, ISSN: 1930-7810.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26030307.
  • Sherman AL, Morris MC, Bruehl S, Westbrook TD, Walker LS. Heightened Temporal Summation of Pain in Patients with Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders and History of Trauma. Ann Behav Med. 2015 Dec; 49(6): 785-92. PMID: 25967582, PMCID: PMC4636446, PII: 10.1007/s12160-015-9712-5, DOI: 10.1007/s12160-015-9712-5, ISSN: 1532-4796.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25967582.
  • Monroe TB, Misra S, Habermann RC, Dietrich MS, Bruehl SP, Cowan RL, Newhouse PA, Simmons SF. Specific Physician Orders Improve Pain Detection and Pain Reports in Nursing Home Residents: Preliminary Data. Pain Manag Nurs [print-electronic]. 2015 Oct; 16(5): 770-80. PMID: 26259882, PMCID: PMC4548860, PII: S1524-9042(15)00081-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.pmn.2015.06.002, ISSN: 1532-8635.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26259882.
  • Morris MC, Walker L, Bruehl S, Hellman N, Sherman AL, Rao U. Race Effects on Conditioned Pain Modulation in Youth. J Pain [print-electronic]. 2015 Sep; 16(9): 873-80. PMID: 26086899, PMCID: PMC4556599, PII: S1526-5900(15)00705-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2015.06.001, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26086899.
  • Bruehl S. Complex regional pain syndrome. BMJ. 2015 Jul 7/29/2015; 351: h2730. PMID: 26224572, ISSN: 1756-1833.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26224572.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Passik SD, Gupta R, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Schuster E, Orlowska D, France CR. The Contribution of Differential Opioid Responsiveness to Identification of Opioid Risk in Chronic Pain Patients. J Pain [print-electronic]. 2015 Jul; 16(7): 666-75. PMID: 25892658, PMCID: PMC4486517, PII: S1526-5900(15)00626-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2015.04.001, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25892658.
  • Bruehl S. Personalized pain medicine: pipe dream or reality? [editorial]. Anesthesiology. 2015 May; 122(5): 967-8. PMID: 25751235, PMCID: PMC4439303, DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000000638, ISSN: 1528-1175.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25751235.
  • Burns JW, Gerhart JI, Bruehl S, Peterson KM, Smith DA, Porter LS, Schuster E, Kinner E, Buvanendran A, Fras AM, Keefe FJ. Anger arousal and behavioral anger regulation in everyday life among patients with chronic low back pain: Relationships to patient pain and function. Health Psychol [print-electronic]. 2015 May; 34(5): 547-55. PMID: 25110843, PMCID: PMC4513650, PII: 2014-32947-001, DOI: 10.1037/hea0000091, ISSN: 1930-7810.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25110843.
  • Morris MC, Walker L, Bruehl S, Hellman N, Sherman AL, Rao U. Race effects on temporal summation to heat pain in youth. Pain. 2015 May; 156(5): 917-22. PMID: 25734994, PMCID: PMC4402253, DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000129, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25734994.
  • Burns JW, Quartana PJ, Bruehl S, Janssen I, Dugan SA, Appelhans B, Matthews KA, Kravitz HM. Chronic pain, body mass index and cardiovascular disease risk factors: tests of moderation, unique and shared relationships in the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN). J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Apr; 38(2): 372-83. PMID: 25427423, PMCID: PMC4496954, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-014-9608-z, ISSN: 1573-3521.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25427423.
  • Gallizzi MA, Khazai RS, Gagnon CM, Bruehl S, Harden RN. Use of a medication quantification scale for comparison of pain medication usage in patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Pain Med [print-electronic]. 2015 Mar; 16(3): 494-500. PMID: 25220567, DOI: 10.1111/pme.12549, ISSN: 1526-4637.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25220567.
  • Monroe TB, Gore JC, Bruehl SP, Benningfield MM, Dietrich MS, Chen LM, Newhouse P, Fillingim R, Chodkowski B, Atalla S, Arrieta J, Damon SM, Blackford JU, Cowan RL. Sex differences in psychophysical and neurophysiological responses to pain in older adults: a cross-sectional study. Biol Sex Differ. 2015; 6: 25. PMID: 26579217, PMCID: PMC4647695, PII: 41, DOI: 10.1186/s13293-015-0041-y, ISSN: 2042-6410.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26579217.
  • Olsen RB, Bruehl S, Nielsen CS, Rosseland LA, Eggen AE, Stubhaug A. Chronic pain and cardiovascular stress responses in a general population: the Tromsø Study. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Dec; 37(6): 1193-201. PMID: 24793322, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-014-9568-3, ISSN: 1573-3521.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24793322.
  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, Chont M. Anger regulation style, anger arousal and acute pain sensitivity: evidence for an endogenous opioid "triggering" model. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2014 Aug; 37(4): 642-53. PMID: 23624641, PMCID: PMC4180113, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-013-9511-z, ISSN: 1573-3521.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23624641.
  • Gupta RK, Bruehl S, Burns JW, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Schuster E, France CR. Relationship between endogenous opioid function and opioid analgesic adverse effects. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 May; 39(3): 219-24. PMID: 24682081, PMCID: PMC4003486, DOI: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000083, ISSN: 1532-8651.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24682081.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Gupta R, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Schuster E, France CR. Endogenous opioid inhibition of chronic low-back pain influences degree of back pain relief after morphine administration. Reg Anesth Pain Med. 2014 Mar; 39(2): 120-5. PMID: 24553304, PMCID: PMC3933525, PII: 00115550-201403000-00006, DOI: 10.1097/AAP.0000000000000058, ISSN: 1532-8651.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24553304.
  • Fillingim RB, Bruehl S, Dworkin RH, Dworkin SF, Loeser JD, Turk DC, Widerstrom-Noga E, Arnold L, Bennett R, Edwards RR, Freeman R, Gewandter J, Hertz S, Hochberg M, Krane E, Mantyh PW, Markman J, Neogi T, Ohrbach R, Paice JA, Porreca F, Rappaport BA, Smith SM, Smith TJ, Sullivan MD, Verne GN, Wasan AD, Wesselmann U. The ACTTION-American Pain Society Pain Taxonomy (AAPT): an evidence-based and multidimensional approach to classifying chronic pain conditions. J Pain. 2014 Mar; 15(3): 241-9. PMID: 24581634, PMCID: PMC4454364, PII: S1526-5900(14)00032-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2014.01.004, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24581634.
  • Bruehl S, Denton JS, Lonergan D, Koran ME, Chont M, Sobey C, Fernando S, Bush WS, Mishra P, Thornton-Wells TA. Associations between KCNJ6 (GIRK2) gene polymorphisms and pain-related phenotypes. Pain [print-electronic]. 2013 Dec; 154(12): 2853-9. PMID: 23994450, PMCID: PMC3845348, PII: S0304-3959(13)00475-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2013.08.026, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23994450.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Gupta R, Buvanendran A, Chont M, Kinner E, Schuster E, Passik S, France CR. Endogenous opioid function mediates the association between laboratory-evoked pain sensitivity and morphine analgesic responses. Pain [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 154(9): 1856-64. PMID: 23748117, PMCID: PMC4069065, PII: S0304-3959(13)00295-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2013.06.002, ISSN: 1872-6623.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23748117.
  • Olsen RB, Bruehl S, Nielsen CS, Rosseland LA, Eggen AE, Stubhaug A. Gender differences in blood pressure-related hypoalgesia in a general population: the Tromsø Study. J Pain. 2013 Jul; 14(7): 699-708. PMID: 23809360, PII: S1526-5900(13)00970-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2013.01.780, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23809360.
  • Sherman AL, Bruehl S, Smith CA, Walker LS. Individual and additive effects of mothers' and fathers' chronic pain on health outcomes in young adults with a childhood history of functional abdominal pain. J Pediatr Psychol [print-electronic]. 2013 May; 38(4): 365-75. PMID: 23335355, PMCID: PMC3633252, PII: jss131, DOI: 10.1093/jpepsy/jss131, ISSN: 1465-735X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23335355.
  • Harden RN, Wallach G, Gagnon CM, Zereshki A, Mukai A, Saracoglu M, Kuroda MM, Graciosa JR, Bruehl S. The osteoarthritis knee model: psychophysical characteristics and putative outcomes. J Pain [print-electronic]. 2013 Mar; 14(3): 281-9. PMID: 23380268, PII: S1526-5900(12)00927-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2012.11.009, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23380268.
  • Logan DE, Williams SE, Carullo VP, Claar RL, Bruehl S, Berde CB. Children and adolescents with complex regional pain syndrome: more psychologically distressed than other children in pain?. Pain Res Manag. 2013 Mar; 18(2): 87-93. PMID: 23662291, PMCID: PMC3718058, ISSN: 1203-6765.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23662291.
  • Bruehl S, Apkarian AV, Ballantyne JC, Berger A, Borsook D, Chen WG, Farrar JT, Haythornthwaite JA, Horn SD, Iadarola MJ, Inturrisi CE, Lao L, Mackey S, Mao J, Sawczuk A, Uhl GR, Witter J, Woolf CJ, Zubieta JK, Lin Y. Personalized medicine and opioid analgesic prescribing for chronic pain: opportunities and challenges. J Pain. 2013 Feb; 14(2): 103-13. PMID: 23374939, PMCID: PMC3564046, PII: S1526-5900(12)00899-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2012.10.016, ISSN: 1528-8447.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23374939.
  • Harden RN, Oaklander AL, Burton AW, Perez RS, Richardson K, Swan M, Barthel J, Costa B, Graciosa JR, Bruehl S, . Complex regional pain syndrome: practical diagnostic and treatment guidelines, 4th edition. Pain Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb; 14(2): 180-229. PMID: 23331950, DOI: 10.1111/pme.12033.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23331950.
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  • Oaklander AL, Wilson PR, Moskovitz PA, Manning DC, Lubenow T, Levine JD, Harden RN, Galer BS, Cooper MS, Bruehl S, Broatch J, Berde C, Bennett GJ. Response to "A new definition of neuropathic pain" [letter]. Pain [print-electronic]. 2012 Apr; 153(4): 934-5; author reply 935. PMID: 22342073, PII: S0304-3959(12)00013-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2012.01.012, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Chung OY, Chont M. What do plasma beta-endorphin levels reveal about endogenous opioid analgesic function?. Eur J Pain [print-electronic]. 2012 Mar; 16(3): 370-80. PMID: 22337161, PMCID: PMC3786673, DOI: 10.1002/j.1532-2149.2011.00021.x, ISSN: 1532-2149.
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  • Burns JW, Quartana P, Bruehl S. Anger suppression and subsequent pain behaviors among chronic low back pain patients: moderating effects of anger regulation style. Ann Behav Med. 2011 Aug; 42(1): 42-54. PMID: 21544702, PMCID: PMC4170680, DOI: 10.1007/s12160-011-9270-4, ISSN: 1532-4796.
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  • Dengler-Crish CM, Bruehl S, Walker LS. Increased wind-up to heat pain in women with a childhood history of functional abdominal pain. Pain [print-electronic]. 2011 Apr; 152(4): 802-8. PMID: 21282006, PMCID: PMC3065651, PII: S0304-3959(10)00798-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.12.032, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Perez RS, Birklein F, Marinus J, Maihofner C, Lubenow T, Buvanendran A, Mackey S, Graciosa J, Mogilevski M, Ramsden C, Schlereth T, Chont M, Vatine JJ. Development of a severity score for CRPS. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Dec; 151(3): 870-6. PMID: 20965657, PII: S0304-3959(10)00585-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.09.031, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S. An update on the pathophysiology of complex regional pain syndrome. Anesthesiology. 2010 Sep; 113(3): 713-25. PMID: 20693883, DOI: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e3181e3db38, ISSN: 1528-1175.
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  • Walker LS, Dengler-Crish CM, Rippel S, Bruehl S. Functional abdominal pain in childhood and adolescence increases risk for chronic pain in adulthood. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Sep; 150(3): 568-72. PMID: 20615615, PMCID: PMC3040563, PII: S0304-3959(10)00380-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.06.018, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S. Modifying diagnostic criteria for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 150(2): 217-8. PMID: 20483538, PII: S0304-3959(10)00267-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.04.029, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Perez RS, Birklein F, Marinus J, Maihofner C, Lubenow T, Buvanendran A, Mackey S, Graciosa J, Mogilevski M, Ramsden C, Chont M, Vatine JJ. Validation of proposed diagnostic criteria (the "Budapest Criteria") for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Aug; 150(2): 268-74. PMID: 20493633, PMCID: PMC2914601, PII: S0304-3959(10)00268-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.04.030, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Chung OY, Magid E, Chont M, Gilliam W, Matsuura J, Somar K, Goodlad JK, Stone K, Cairl H. Hypoalgesia associated with elevated resting blood pressure: evidence for endogenous opioid involvement. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2010 Apr; 33(2): 168-76. PMID: 20039197, PMCID: PMC2844461, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-009-9241-4, ISSN: 1573-3521.
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  • Bruehl S, Dengler-Crish CM, Smith CA, Walker LS. Hypoalgesia related to elevated resting blood pressure is absent in adolescents and young adults with a history of functional abdominal pain. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Apr; 149(1): 57-63. PMID: 20122805, PMCID: PMC2834818, PII: S0304-3959(10)00031-X, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2010.01.009, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Henson P, Bruehl S. Complex regional pain syndrome: state of the art update. Curr Treat Options Cardiovasc Med. 2010 Apr; 12(2): 156-67. PMID: 20842553, DOI: 10.1007/s11936-010-0063-z, ISSN: 1534-3189.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Chont M. Chronic pain-related changes in endogenous opioid analgesia: a case report. Pain [print-electronic]. 2010 Jan; 148(1): 167-71. PMID: 19833435, PMCID: PMC2815013, PII: S0304-3959(09)00561-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.09.025, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, Chung OY, Magid E, Chont M, Goodlad JK, Gilliam W, Matsuura J, Somar K. Endogenous opioids may buffer effects of anger arousal on sensitivity to subsequent pain. Pain [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 146(3): 276-82. PMID: 19682793, PMCID: PMC4180294, PII: S0304-3959(09)00410-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.07.024, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Williams SE, Smith CA, Bruehl SP, Gigante J, Walker LS. Medical evaluation of children with chronic abdominal pain: impact of diagnosis, physician practice orientation, and maternal trait anxiety on mothers' responses to the evaluation. Pain [print-electronic]. 2009 Dec; 146(3): 283-92. PMID: 19767148, PMCID: PMC2783280, PII: S0304-3959(09)00424-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.07.039, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S. Complex regional pain syndrome: outcomes and subtypes. Clin J Pain. 2009 Sep; 25(7): 598-9. PMID: 19692801, PII: 00002508-200909000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e3181af1382, ISSN: 1536-5409.
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  • Burns JW, Quartana PJ, Bruehl S. Anger management style moderates effects of attention strategy during acute pain induction on physiological responses to subsequent mental stress and recovery: a comparison of chronic pain patients and healthy nonpatients. Psychosom Med [print-electronic]. 2009 May; 71(4): 454-62. PMID: 19251875, PMCID: PMC4180112, PII: PSY.0b013e318199d97f, DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e318199d97f, ISSN: 1534-7796.
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  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Chung OY, Chont M. Pain-related effects of trait anger expression: neural substrates and the role of endogenous opioid mechanisms. Neurosci Biobehav Rev [print-electronic]. 2009 Mar; 33(3): 475-91. PMID: 19146872, PMCID: PMC2756489, PII: S0149-7634(08)00207-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2008.12.003, ISSN: 0149-7634.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW. The mu opioid receptor A118G gene polymorphism moderates effects of trait anger-out on acute pain sensitivity. Pain [print-electronic]. 2008 Oct 10/15/2008; 139(2): 406-15. PMID: 18579306, PMCID: PMC2614266, PII: S0304-3959(08)00260-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2008.05.014, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Burns JW, Holly A, Quartana P, Wolff B, Gray E, Bruehl S. Trait anger management style moderates effects of actual ("state") anger regulation on symptom-specific reactivity and recovery among chronic low back pain patients. Psychosom Med [print-electronic]. 2008 Oct; 70(8): 898-905. PMID: 18725429, PMCID: PMC4170676, PII: PSY.0b013e3181835cb7, DOI: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181835cb7, ISSN: 1534-7796.
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  • Anderson JL, Acra S, Bruehl S, Walker LS. Relation between clinical symptoms and experimental visceral hypersensitivity in pediatric patients with functional abdominal pain. J. Pediatr. Gastroenterol. Nutr. 2008 Sep; 47(3): 309-15. PMID: 18728527, PMCID: PMC3101499, PII: 00005176-200809000-00009, DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3181653a6f, ISSN: 1536-4801.
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  • Chung OY, Bruehl S, Diedrich L, Diedrich A. The impact of blood pressure and baroreflex sensitivity on wind-up. Anesth. Analg. 2008 Sep; 107(3): 1018-25. PMID: 18713923, PII: 107/3/1018, DOI: 10.1213/ane.0b013e31817f8dfe, ISSN: 1526-7598.
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  • Chung OY, Bruehl S, Diedrich L, Diedrich A, Chont M, Robertson D. Baroreflex sensitivity associated hypoalgesia in healthy states is altered by chronic pain. Pain [print-electronic]. 2008 Aug 8/15/2008; 138(1): 87-97. PMID: 18164819, PII: S0304-3959(07)00688-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2007.11.011, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Burns JW, Quartana PJ, Bruehl S. Anger inhibition and pain: conceptualizations, evidence and new directions. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2008 Jun; 31(3): 259-79. PMID: 18498056, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-008-9154-7, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Wolff B, Burns JW, Quartana PJ, Lofland K, Bruehl S, Chung OY. Pain catastrophizing, physiological indexes, and chronic pain severity: tests of mediation and moderation models. J Behav Med. 2008 Apr; 31(2): 105-14. PMID: 18158618, PMCID: PMC4180106, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9138-z, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Chung OY, Quartana P. Anger management style and emotional reactivity to noxious stimuli among chronic pain patients and healthy controls: the role of endogenous opioids. Health Psychol. 2008 Mar; 27(2): 204-14. PMID: 18377139, PII: 2008-03424-009, DOI: 10.1037/0278-6133.27.2.204, ISSN: 0278-6133.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Diedrich L, Diedrich A, Robertson D. The relationship between resting blood pressure and acute pain sensitivity: effects of chronic pain and alpha-2 adrenergic blockade. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2008 Feb; 31(1): 71-80. PMID: 17940860, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9133-4, ISSN: 1573-3521.
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  • Burns JW, Quartana PJ, Bruehl S. Anger management style moderates effects of emotion suppression during initial stress on pain and cardiovascular responses during subsequent pain-induction. Ann Behav Med. 2007 Oct; 34(2): 154-65. PMID: 17927554, DOI: 10.1080/08836610701566837, ISSN: 0883-6612.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW, Diedrich L. Trait anger expressiveness and pain-induced beta-endorphin release: support for the opioid dysfunction hypothesis. Pain [print-electronic]. 2007 Aug; 130(3): 208-15. PMID: 17197088, PMCID: PMC2680320, PII: S0304-3959(06)00645-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2006.11.013, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Bruehl S, al'Absi M, France CR, France J, Harju A, Burns JW, Chung OY. Anger management style and endogenous opioid function: is gender a moderator?. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2007 Jun; 30(3): 209-19. PMID: 17410417, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-007-9099-2, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY. How common is complex regional pain syndrome-Type I? [editorial]. Pain [print-electronic]. 2007 May; 129(1-2): 1-2. PMID: 17379409, PII: S0304-3959(07)00102-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2007.02.017, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Stanton-Hicks M, Wilson PR. Proposed new diagnostic criteria for complex regional pain syndrome. Pain Med. 2007 May; 8(4): 326-31. PMID: 17610454, PII: PME169, DOI: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2006.00169.x, ISSN: 1526-2375.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW. Anger expression and pain: an overview of findings and possible mechanisms. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2006 Dec; 29(6): 593-606. PMID: 16807797, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-006-9060-9, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Bruehl S. Comprehensive pain programs: a treatment approach worth validating. J Pain. 2006 Nov; 7(11): 794-6; discussion 804. PMID: 17074617, PII: S1526-5900(06)01098-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.jpain.2006.09.013, ISSN: 1526-5900.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY. Parental history of chronic pain may be associated with impairments in endogenous opioid analgesic systems. Pain [print-electronic]. 2006 Oct; 124(3): 287-94. PMID: 16725261, PII: S0304-3959(06)00219-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2006.04.018, ISSN: 1872-6623.
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  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, Quartana PJ. Anger management style and hostility among patients with chronic pain: effects on symptom-specific physiological reactivity during anger- and sadness-recall interviews. Psychosom Med. 2006 Sep; 68(5): 786-93. PMID: 17012534, PII: 68/5/786, DOI: 10.1097/01.psy.0000238211.89198.e4, ISSN: 1534-7796.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY. Psychological and behavioral aspects of complex regional pain syndrome management. Clin J Pain. 2006 Jun; 22(5): 430-7. PMID: 16772797, PII: 00002508-200606000-00005, DOI: 10.1097/01.ajp.0000194282.82002.79, ISSN: 0749-8047.
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  • Harden RN, Bruehl SP. Diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome: signs, symptoms, and new empirically derived diagnostic criteria. Clin J Pain. 2006 Jun; 22(5): 415-9. PMID: 16772794, PII: 00002508-200606000-00002, DOI: 10.1097/01.ajp.0000194279.36261.3e, ISSN: 0749-8047.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Donahue BS, Burns JW. Anger regulation style, postoperative pain, and relationship to the A118G mu opioid receptor gene polymorphism: a preliminary study. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2006 Apr; 29(2): 161-9. PMID: 16400534, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-005-9030-7, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW. Trait anger and blood pressure recovery following acute pain: evidence for opioid-mediated effects. Int J Behav Med. 2006; 13(2): 138-46. PMID: 16712431, DOI: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm1302_5, ISSN: 1070-5503.
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  • Burns JW, Bruehl S. Anger management style, opioid analgesic use, and chronic pain severity: a test of the opioid-deficit hypothesis. J Behav Med [print-electronic]. 2005 Dec; 28(6): 555-63. PMID: 16320097, DOI: 10.1007/s10865-005-9020-9, ISSN: 0160-7715.
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  • Burton AW, Bruehl S, Harden RN. Current diagnosis and therapy of complex regional pain syndrome: refining diagnostic criteria and therapeutic options. Expert Rev Neurother. 2005 Sep; 5(5): 643-51. PMID: 16162088, DOI: 10.1586/14737175.5.5.643, ISSN: 1744-8360.
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  • Bruehl S, France CR, France J, Harju A, al'Absi M. How accurate are parental chronic pain histories provided by offspring?. Pain. 2005 Jun; 115(3): 390-7. PMID: 15911166, PII: S0304-3959(05)00122-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2005.03.017, ISSN: 0304-3959.
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  • Burns JW, Glenn B, Lofland K, Bruehl S, Harden RN. Stages of change in readiness to adopt a self-management approach to chronic pain: the moderating role of early-treatment stage progression in predicting outcome. Pain [print-electronic]. 2005 Jun; 115(3): 322-31. PMID: 15911159, PII: S0304-3959(05)00112-0, DOI: 10.1016/j.pain.2005.03.007, ISSN: 0304-3959.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Jirjis JN, Biridepalli S. Prevalence of clinical hypertension in patients with chronic pain compared to nonpain general medical patients. Clin J Pain. 2005 Mar; 21(2): 147-53. PMID: 15722808, PII: 00002508-200503000-00006, ISSN: 0749-8047.
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  • Taneja I, Bruehl S, Robertson D. Effect of modafinil on acute pain: a randomized double-blind crossover study. J Clin Pharmacol. 2004 Dec; 44(12): 1425-7. PMID: 15545315, PII: 44/12/1425, DOI: 10.1177/0091270004270292, ISSN: 0091-2700.
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  • Harden RN, Rudin NJ, Bruehl S, Kee W, Parikh DK, Kooch J, Duc T, Gracely RH. Increased systemic catecholamines in complex regional pain syndrome and relationship to psychological factors: a pilot study. Anesth. Analg. 2004 Nov; 99(5): 1478-85; table of contents. PMID: 15502052, PII: 99/5/1478, DOI: 10.1213/01.ANE.0000132549.25154.ED, ISSN: 0003-2999.
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  • Beltrutti D, Lamberto A, Barolat G, Bruehl SP, Doleys D, Krames E, Meglio M, North R, Olson K, Reig E, Simpson B, Turk D, Aronoff G, Melzack R. The psychological assessment of candidates for spinal cord stimulation for chronic pain management. Pain Pract. 2004 Sep; 4(3): 204-21. PMID: 17173602, PII: PPR4305, DOI: 10.1111/j.1533-2500.2004.04305.x, ISSN: 1533-2500.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Ward P, Johnson B. Endogenous opioids and chronic pain intensity: interactions with level of disability. Clin J Pain. 2004 Sep; 20(5): 283-92. PMID: 15322434, PII: 00002508-200409000-00002, ISSN: 0749-8047.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY. Interactions between the cardiovascular and pain regulatory systems: an updated review of mechanisms and possible alterations in chronic pain. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2004 Jul; 28(4): 395-414. PMID: 15341037, PII: S0149-7634(04)00069-7, DOI: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2004.06.004, ISSN: 0149-7634.
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  • Burns JW, Bruehl S, Caceres C. Anger management style, blood pressure reactivity, and acute pain sensitivity: evidence for "Trait x Situation" models. Ann Behav Med. 2004 Jun; 27(3): 195-204. PMID: 15184095, DOI: 10.1207/s15324796abm2703_7, ISSN: 0883-6612.
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  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW, Biridepalli S. The association between anger expression and chronic pain intensity: evidence for partial mediation by endogenous opioid dysfunction. Pain. 2003 Dec; 106(3): 317-24. PMID: 14659514, PII: S0304395903003191, ISSN: 0304-3959.
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  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Stanos S, Brander V, Chung OY, Saltz S, Adams A, Stulberg SD. Prospective examination of pain-related and psychological predictors of CRPS-like phenomena following total knee arthroplasty: a preliminary study. Pain. 2003 Dec; 106(3): 393-400. PMID: 14659522, PII: S0304395903003427, ISSN: 0304-3959.
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  • Brander VA, Stulberg SD, Adams AD, Harden RN, Bruehl S, Stanos SP, Houle T. Predicting total knee replacement pain: a prospective, observational study. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. 2003 Nov; (416): 27-36. PMID: 14646737, DOI: 10.1097/01.blo.0000092983.12414.e9, ISSN: 0009-921X.
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  • Burns JW, Kubilus A, Bruehl S. Emotion induction moderates effects of anger management style on acute pain sensitivity. Pain. 2003 Nov; 106(1-2): 109-18. PMID: 14581117, PII: S0304395903002987, ISSN: 0304-3959.
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  • Yung Chung O, Bruehl SP. Complex Regional Pain Syndrome. Curr Treat Options Neurol. 2003 Nov; 5(6): 499-511. PMID: 14516527, ISSN: 1092-8480.
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  • Burns JW, Glenn B, Bruehl S, Harden RN, Lofland K. Cognitive factors influence outcome following multidisciplinary chronic pain treatment: a replication and extension of a cross-lagged panel analysis. Behav Res Ther. 2003 Oct; 41(10): 1163-82. PMID: 12971938, PII: S0005796703000299, ISSN: 0005-7967.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12971938.
  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Burns JW. Differential effects of expressive anger regulation on chronic pain intensity in CRPS and non-CRPS limb pain patients. Pain. 2003 Aug; 104(3): 647-54. PMID: 12927637, PII: S0304395903001350, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12927637.
  • Burns JW, Kubilus A, Bruehl S, Harden RN, Lofland K. Do changes in cognitive factors influence outcome following multidisciplinary treatment for chronic pain? A cross-lagged panel analysis. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003 Feb; 71(1): 81-91. PMID: 12602428, ISSN: 0022-006X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12602428.
  • Bruehl S, Chung OY, Ward P, Johnson B, McCubbin JA. The relationship between resting blood pressure and acute pain sensitivity in healthy normotensives and chronic back pain sufferers: the effects of opioid blockade. Pain. 2002 Nov; 100(1-2): 191-201. PMID: 12435472, PII: S0304395902002956, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12435472.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, Chung OY, Ward P, Johnson B. Anger and pain sensitivity in chronic low back pain patients and pain-free controls: the role of endogenous opioids. Pain. 2002 Sep; 99(1-2): 223-33. PMID: 12237200, PII: S0304395902001045, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12237200.
  • Stanton-Hicks MD, Burton AW, Bruehl SP, Carr DB, Harden RN, Hassenbusch SJ, Lubenow TR, Oakley JC, Racz GB, Raj PP, Rauck RL, Rezai AR. An updated interdisciplinary clinical pathway for CRPS: report of an expert panel. Pain Pract. 2002 Mar; 2(1): 1-16. PMID: 17134466, PII: PPRppr02009, DOI: 10.1046/j.1533-2500.2002.02009.x, ISSN: 1533-2500.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17134466.
  • Bruehl S, Harden RN, Galer BS, Saltz S, Backonja M, Stanton-Hicks M. Complex regional pain syndrome: are there distinct subtypes and sequential stages of the syndrome?. Pain. 2002 Jan; 95(1-2): 119-24. PMID: 11790474, PII: S0304395901003876, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11790474.
  • Burns JW, Kubilus A, Bruehl S, Harden RN. A fourth empirically derived cluster of chronic pain patients based on the multidimensional pain inventory: evidence for repression within the dysfunctional group. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2001 Aug; 69(4): 663-73. PMID: 11550732, ISSN: 0022-006X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11550732.
  • Harden RN, Bruehl S. Conducting clinical trials to establish drug efficacy in chronic pain. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Jul; 80(7): 547-57. PMID: 11421526, ISSN: 0894-9115.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11421526.
  • Deisinger JA, Cassisi JE, Lofland KR, Cole P, Bruehl S. An examination of the psychometric structure of the Multidimensional Pain Inventory. J Clin Psychol. 2001 Jun; 57(6): 765-83. PMID: 11344464, PII: 10.1002/jclp.1048, ISSN: 0021-9762.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11344464.
  • Harden RN, Bruehl SP, Gass S, Niemiec C, Barbick B. Signs and symptoms of the myofascial pain syndrome: a national survey of pain management providers. Clin J Pain. 2000 Mar; 16(1): 64-72. PMID: 10741820, ISSN: 0749-8047.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10741820.
  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Galer BS, Saltz S, Bertram M, Backonja M, Gayles R, Rudin N, Bhugra MK, Stanton-Hicks M. Complex regional pain syndrome: are the IASP diagnostic criteria valid and sufficiently comprehensive?. Pain. 1999 Nov; 83(2): 211-9. PMID: 10534592, PII: S0304395999001049, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10534592.
  • Rokicki LA, Semenchuk EM, Bruehl S, Lofland KR, Houle TT. An examination of the validity of the IHS classification system for migraine and tension-type headache in the college student population. Headache. 1999 Nov; 39(10): 720-7. PMID: 11279948, ISSN: 0017-8748.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11279948.
  • Bruehl S, Harden RN, Galer BS, Saltz S, Bertram M, Backonja M, Gayles R, Rudin N, Bhugra MK, Stanton-Hicks M. External validation of IASP diagnostic criteria for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome and proposed research diagnostic criteria. International Association for the Study of Pain. Pain. 1999 May; 81(1-2): 147-54. PMID: 10353502.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10353502.
  • Bruehl S, Lofland KR, Semenchuk EM, Rokicki LA, Penzien DB. Use of cluster analysis to validate IHS diagnostic criteria for migraine and tension-type headache. Headache. 1999 Mar; 39(3): 181-9. PMID: 15613212, PII: HEDhed3903181, DOI: 10.1046/j.1526-4610.1999.3903181.x, ISSN: 1526-4610.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15613212.
  • Bruehl S, McCubbin JA, Harden RN. Theoretical review: altered pain regulatory systems in chronic pain. Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 1999; 23(6): 877-90. PMID: 10541062, PII: S0149763499000391, ISSN: 0149-7634.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10541062.
  • Galer BS, Bruehl S, Harden RN. IASP diagnostic criteria for complex regional pain syndrome: a preliminary empirical validation study. International Association for the Study of Pain. Clin J Pain. 1998 Mar; 14(1): 48-54. PMID: 9535313, ISSN: 0749-8047.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9535313.
  • McCubbin JA, Bruehl S, Wilson JF, Sherman JJ, Norton JA, Colclough G. Endogenous opioids inhibit ambulatory blood pressure during naturally occurring stress. Psychosom Med. 1998 Mar; 60(2): 227-31. PMID: 9560874, ISSN: 0033-3174.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9560874.
  • Bruehl S, Burns JW, McCubbin JA. Altered cardiovascular/pain regulatory relationships in chronic pain. Int J Behav Med. 1998; 5(1): 63-75. PMID: 16250716, DOI: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm0501_5, ISSN: 1070-5503.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16250716.
  • Phillips ME, Bruehl S, Harden RN. Work-related post-traumatic stress disorder: use of exposure therapy in work-simulation activities. Am J Occup Ther. 1997 Sep; 51(8): 696-700. PMID: 9279441, ISSN: 0272-9490.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9279441.
  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Backonja MM. The use of opioids in treatment of chronic pain: an examination of the ongoing controversy. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 1997 Jan 1/1/1997; 9(2): 155-80. PMID: 24573007, PII: E3H1595252262377, DOI: 10.3233/BMR-1997-9207, ISSN: 1053-8127.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24573007.
  • Harden RN, Bruehl S, Siegler J, Cole PA. Pain, psychological status, and functional recovery in chronic pain patients on daily opioids: a case comparison. J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil. 1997 Jan 1/1/1997; 9(2): 101-8. PMID: 24573003, PII: CW20PR2577HK286K, DOI: 10.3233/BMR-1997-9203, ISSN: 1053-8127.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24573003.
  • Bruehl S, Lubenow TR, Nath H, Ivankovich O. Validation of thermography in the diagnosis of reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Clin J Pain. 1996 Dec; 12(4): 316-25. PMID: 8969877, ISSN: 0749-8047.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8969877.
  • Bruehl S, Husfeldt B, Lubenow TR, Nath H, Ivankovich AD. Psychological differences between reflex sympathetic dystrophy and non-RSD chronic pain patients. Pain. 1996 Sep; 67(1): 107-14. PMID: 8895237, PII: 0304-3959(96)81973-7, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8895237.
  • Barkin RL, Lubenow TR, Bruehl S, Husfeldt B, Ivankovich O, Barkin SJ. Management of chronic pain. Part II. Dis Mon. 1996 Aug; 42(8): 457-507. PMID: 8757198, ISSN: 0011-5029.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8757198.
  • Barkin RL, Lubenow TR, Bruehl S, Husfeldt B, Ivankovich O, Barkin SJ. Management of chronic pain. Part I. Dis Mon. 1996 Jul; 42(7): 389-454. PMID: 8706590, ISSN: 0011-5029.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8706590.
  • McCubbin JA, Wilson JF, Bruehl S, Ibarra P, Carlson CR, Norton JA, Colclough GW. Relaxation training and opioid inhibition of blood pressure response to stress. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1996 Jun; 64(3): 593-601. PMID: 8698954, ISSN: 0022-006X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8698954.
  • Bruehl S, Carlson CR, Wilson JF, Norton JA, Colclough G, Brady MJ, Sherman JJ, McCubbin JA. Psychological coping with acute pain: an examination of the role of endogenous opioid mechanisms. J Behav Med. 1996 Apr; 19(2): 129-42. PMID: 9132506, ISSN: 0160-7715.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9132506.
  • Bruehl S, McCubbin JA, Carlson CR, Wilson JF, Norton JA, Colclough G, Brady MJ, Sherman JJ. The psychobiology of hostility: possible endogenous opioid mechanisms. Int J Behav Med. 1996; 3(2): 163-76. PMID: 16250761, DOI: 10.1207/s15327558ijbm0302_5, ISSN: 1070-5503.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16250761.
  • Andrykowski MA, Bruehl S, Brady MJ, Henslee-Downey PJ. Physical and psychosocial status of adults one-year after bone marrow transplantation: a prospective study. Bone Marrow Transplant. 1995 Jun; 15(6): 837-44. PMID: 7581078, ISSN: 0268-3369.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7581078.
  • Ibarra P, Bruehl SP, McCubbin JA, Carlson CR, Wilson JF, Norton JA, Montgomery TB. An unusual reaction to opioid blockade with naltrexone in a case of post-traumatic stress disorder. J Trauma Stress. 1994 Apr; 7(2): 303-9. PMID: 8012749, ISSN: 0894-9867.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8012749.
  • McCubbin JA, Bruehl S. Do endogenous opioids mediate the relationship between blood pressure and pain sensitivity in normotensives?. Pain. 1994 Apr; 57(1): 63-7. PMID: 8065798, PII: 0304-3959(94)90108-2, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8065798.
  • Bruehl S, McCubbin JA, Wilson JF, Montgomery T, Ibarra P, Carlson CR. Coping styles, opioid blockade, and cardiovascular response to stress. J Behav Med. 1994 Feb; 17(1): 25-40. PMID: 8201610, ISSN: 0160-7715.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8201610.
  • Bruehl S, Carlson CR, McCubbin JA. Two brief interventions for acute pain. Pain. 1993 Jul; 54(1): 29-36. PMID: 8378100, PII: 0304-3959(93)90096-8, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8378100.
  • Bruehl S, Carlson CR. Predisposing psychological factors in the development of reflex sympathetic dystrophy. A review of the empirical evidence. Clin J Pain. 1992 Dec; 8(4): 287-99. PMID: 1493340, ISSN: 0749-8047.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1493340.
  • Bruehl S, Carlson CR, McCubbin JA. The relationship between pain sensitivity and blood pressure in normotensives. Pain. 1992 Mar; 48(3): 463-7. PMID: 1594268, ISSN: 0304-3959.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1594268.
  • McCubbin JA, Wilson JF, Bruehl S, Brady M, Clark K, Kort E. Gender effects on blood pressures obtained during an on-campus screening. Psychosom Med. 1991 Jan; 53(1): 90-100. PMID: 2011652, ISSN: 0033-3174.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2011652.