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Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer CenterVanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

 
Wayne A.  Ray

Wayne A. Ray, Ph.D.

Professor of Health Policy
Researcher

Contact Information:

Vanderbilt University Medical Center
The Village at Vanderbilt, Suite 2600
1500 21st Ave S
Nashville, TN 37212
(615) 322-2017

Education
 
  • Ph.D., Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 
  • M.S., Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 
  • B.S., University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 
 
Publications
  • Cooper WO, Hernandez-Diaz S, Arbogast PG, Dudley JA, Dyer S, Gideon PS, Hall K, Ray WA. Major congenital malformations after first-trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors. N. Engl. J. Med. 2006 Jun 6/8/2006; 354(23): 2443-51. PMID: 16760444, PII: 354/23/2443, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa055202, ISSN: 1533-4406.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16760444.
  • Cooper WO, Arbogast PG, Ding H, Hickson GB, Fuchs DC, Ray WA. Trends in prescribing of antipsychotic medications for US children. Ambul Pediatr. 2006 Mar; 6(2): 79-83. PMID: 16530143, PII: S1530-1567(05)00020-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.ambp.2005.11.002, ISSN: 1530-1567.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16530143.
  • Ray WA, Stein CM. Reform of drug regulation--beyond an independent drug-safety board. N. Engl. J. Med. 2006 Jan 1/12/2006; 354(2): 194-201. PMID: 16407517, PII: 354/2/194, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsb053432, ISSN: 1533-4406.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16407517.
  • Ray WA. Observational studies of drugs and mortality. N. Engl. J. Med. 2005 Dec 12/1/2005; 353(22): 2319-21. PMID: 16319379, PII: 353/22/2319, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp058267, ISSN: 1533-4406.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16319379.
  • Ray WA, Taylor JA, Brown AK, Gideon P, Hall K, Arbogast P, Meredith S. Prevention of fall-related injuries in long-term care: a randomized controlled trial of staff education. Arch. Intern. Med. 2005 Oct 10/24/2005; 165(19): 2293-8. PMID: 16246997, PII: 165/19/2293, DOI: 10.1001/archinte.165.19.2293, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16246997.
  • Cooper WO, Arbogast PG, Hickson GB, Daugherty JR, Ray WA. Gaps in enrollment from a Medicaid managed care program: effects on emergency department visits and hospitalizations for children with asthma. Med Care. 2005 Jul; 43(7): 718-25. PMID: 15970788, PII: 00005650-200507000-00012, ISSN: 0025-7079.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15970788.
  • Poulose BK, Ray WA, Arbogast PG, Needleman J, Buerhaus PI, Griffin MR, Abumrad NN, Beauchamp RD, Holzman MD. Resident work hour limits and patient safety. Ann. Surg. 2005 Jun; 241(6): 847-56; discussion 856. PMID: 15912034, PMCID: PMC1357165, PII: 00000658-200506000-00002, ISSN: 0003-4932.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15912034.
  • Murray KT, Rottman JN, Arbogast PG, Shemanski L, Primm RK, Campbell WB, Solomon AJ, Olgin JE, Wilson MJ, Dimarco JP, Beckman KJ, Dennish G, Naccarelli GV, Ray WA, . Inhibition of angiotensin II signaling and recurrence of atrial fibrillation in AFFIRM. Heart Rhythm. 2004 Dec; 1(6): 669-75. PMID: 15851238, PII: S1547-5271(04)00419-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2004.08.008, ISSN: 1547-5271.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15851238.
  • Ray WA, Murray KT, Meredith S, Narasimhulu SS, Hall K, Stein CM. Oral erythromycin and the risk of sudden death from cardiac causes. N. Engl. J. Med. 2004 Sep 9/9/2004; 351(11): 1089-96. PMID: 15356306, PII: 351/11/1089, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa040582, ISSN: 1533-4406.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15356306.
  • Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Fuchs C, Arbogast PG, Ray WA. New users of antipsychotic medications among children enrolled in TennCare. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2004 Aug; 158(8): 753-9. PMID: 15289247, PII: 158/8/753, DOI: 10.1001/archpedi.158.8.753, ISSN: 1072-4710.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15289247.
  • Butler J, Arbogast PG, Daugherty J, Jain MK, Ray WA, Griffin MR. Outpatient utilization of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors among heart failure patients after hospital discharge. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2004 Jun 6/2/2004; 43(11): 2036-43. PMID: 15172409, PII: S0735109704005753, DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2004.01.041, ISSN: 0735-1097.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15172409.
  • Griffin MR, Stein CM, Graham DJ, Daugherty JR, Arbogast PG, Ray WA. High frequency of use of rofecoxib at greater than recommended doses: cause for concern. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2004 Jun; 13(6): 339-43. PMID: 15170762, DOI: 10.1002/pds.879, ISSN: 1053-8569.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15170762.
  • Griffin MR, Stein CM, Ray WA. Postmarketing surveillance for drug safety: surely we can do better. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 2004 Jun; 75(6): 491-4. PMID: 15179403, PII: S0009923604000438, DOI: 10.1016/j.clpt.2004.01.017, ISSN: 0009-9236.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15179403.
  • Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Ray WA. Prescriptions for contraindicated category X drugs in pregnancy among women enrolled in TennCare. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2004 Mar; 18(2): 106-11. PMID: 14996249, PII: 542, ISSN: 0269-5022.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14996249.
  • Ray WA, Meredith S, Thapa PB, Hall K, Murray KT. Cyclic antidepressants and the risk of sudden cardiac death. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 2004 Mar; 75(3): 234-41. PMID: 15001975, PII: S000992360300331X, DOI: 10.1016/j.clpt.2003.09.019, ISSN: 0009-9236.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15001975.
  • Rogers SO, Ray WA, Smalley WE. A population-based study of survival among elderly persons diagnosed with colorectal cancer: does race matter if all are insured? (United States). Cancer Causes Control. 2004 Mar; 15(2): 193-9. PMID: 15017132, PII: 5264940, DOI: 10.1023/B:CACO.0000019511.67989.09, ISSN: 0957-5243.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15017132.
  • Khaitan L, Ray WA, Holzman MD, Smalley WE. Health care utilization after medical and surgical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease: a population-based study, 1996 to 2000. Arch Surg. 2003 Dec; 138(12): 1356-61. PMID: 14662539, PII: 138/12/1356, DOI: 10.1001/archsurg.138.12.1356, ISSN: 0004-0010.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14662539.
  • Ray WA. Evaluating medication effects outside of clinical trials: new-user designs. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2003 Nov 11/1/2003; 158(9): 915-20. PMID: 14585769, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14585769.
  • Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Meador KG. Effect of a mental health "carve-out" program on the continuity of antipsychotic therapy. N. Engl. J. Med. 2003 May 5/8/2003; 348(19): 1885-94. PMID: 12736282, PII: 348/19/1885, DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsa020584, ISSN: 1533-4406.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12736282.
  • Ray WA, MacDonald TM, Solomon DH, Graham DJ, Avorn J. COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular disease. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2003 Jan; 12(1): 67-70. PMID: 12616850, DOI: 10.1002/pds.798, ISSN: 1053-8569.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12616850.
  • Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Lipid-lowering agents and the risk of hip fracture in a Medicaid population. Inj. Prev. 2002 Dec; 8(4): 276-9. PMID: 12460961, PMCID: PMC1756571, ISSN: 1353-8047.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12460961.
  • Ray WA, Thapa PB, Gideon P. Misclassification of current benzodiazepine exposure by use of a single baseline measurement and its effects upon studies of injuries. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2002 Dec; 11(8): 663-9. PMID: 12512242, DOI: 10.1002/pds.728, ISSN: 1053-8569.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12512242.
  • Butler J, Arbogast PG, BeLue R, Daugherty J, Jain MK, Ray WA, Griffin MR. Outpatient adherence to beta-blocker therapy after acute myocardial infarction. J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 2002 Nov 11/6/2002; 40(9): 1589-95. PMID: 12427410, PII: S0735109702023793, ISSN: 0735-1097.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12427410.
  • Ray WA, Stein CM, Daugherty JR, Hall K, Arbogast PG, Griffin MR. COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease. Lancet. 2002 Oct 10/5/2002; 360(9339): 1071-3. PMID: 12383990, PII: S0140-6736(02)11131-7, DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11131-7, ISSN: 0140-6736.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12383990.
  • Cooper WO, Staffa JA, Renfrew JW, Graham DJ, Ray WA. Oral corticosteroid use among children in TennCare. Ambul Pediatr. 2002 Sep; 2(5): 375-81. PMID: 12241133, ISSN: 1530-1567.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12241133.
  • Meredith S, Feldman P, Frey D, Giammarco L, Hall K, Arnold K, Brown NJ, Ray WA. Improving medication use in newly admitted home healthcare patients: a randomized controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2002 Sep; 50(9): 1484-91. PMID: 12383144, PII: jgs50402, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12383144.
  • Smalley W, Stein CM, Arbogast PG, Eisen G, Ray WA, Griffin M. Underutilization of gastroprotective measures in patients receiving nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs. Arthritis Rheum. 2002 Aug; 46(8): 2195-200. PMID: 12209525, DOI: 10.1002/art.10425, ISSN: 0004-3591.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12209525.
  • Cooper WO, Griffin MR, Arbogast P, Hickson GB, Gautam S, Ray WA. Very early exposure to erythromycin and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2002 Jul; 156(7): 647-50. PMID: 12090829, PII: poa10338, ISSN: 1072-4710.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12090829.
  • Cooper WO, Ray WA, Griffin MR. Prenatal prescription of macrolide antibiotics and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Obstet Gynecol. 2002 Jul; 100(1): 101-6. PMID: 12100810, PII: S002978440202001X, ISSN: 0029-7844.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12100810.
  • Ray WA, Stein CM, Hall K, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease: an observational cohort study. Lancet. 2002 Jan 1/12/2002; 359(9301): 118-23. PMID: 11809254, PII: S0140-6736(02)07370-1, DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(02)07370-1, ISSN: 0140-6736.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11809254.
  • Ray WA, Meredith S, Thapa PB, Meador KG, Hall K, Murray KT. Antipsychotics and the risk of sudden cardiac death. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry. 2001 Dec; 58(12): 1161-7. PMID: 11735845, PII: yoa20305, ISSN: 0003-990X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11735845.
  • Meredith S, Feldman PH, Frey D, Hall K, Arnold K, Brown NJ, Ray WA. Possible medication errors in home healthcare patients. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2001 Jun; 49(6): 719-24. PMID: 11454109, PII: jgs49147, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11454109.
  • Ray WA, Stein CM, Byrd V, Shorr R, Pichert JW, Gideon P, Arnold K, Brandt KD, Pincus T, Griffin MR. Educational program for physicians to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among community-dwelling elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial. Med Care. 2001 May; 39(5): 425-35. PMID: 11317091, ISSN: 0025-7079.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11317091.
  • Stein CM, Griffin MR, Taylor JA, Pichert JW, Brandt KD, Ray WA. Educational program for nursing home physicians and staff to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial. Med Care. 2001 May; 39(5): 436-45. PMID: 11317092, ISSN: 0025-7079.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11317092.
  • Holzman MD, Mitchel EF, Ray WA, Smalley WE. Use of healthcare resources among medically and surgically treated patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a population-based study. J. Am. Coll. Surg. 2001 Jan; 192(1): 17-24. PMID: 11192919, PII: S1072-7515(00)00746-8, ISSN: 1072-7515.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11192919.
  • Smalley W, Shatin D, Wysowski DK, Gurwitz J, Andrade SE, Goodman M, Chan KA, Platt R, Schech SD, Ray WA. Contraindicated use of cisapride: impact of food and drug administration regulatory action. JAMA. 2000 Dec 12/20/2000; 284(23): 3036-9. PMID: 11122591, PII: joc00932, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11122591.
  • Ray WA, Thapa PB, Gideon P. Benzodiazepines and the risk of falls in nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2000 Jun; 48(6): 682-5. PMID: 10855607, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10855607.
  • Griffin MR, Yared A, Ray WA. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and acute renal failure in elderly persons. Am. J. Epidemiol. 2000 Mar 3/1/2000; 151(5): 488-96. PMID: 10707917, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10707917.
  • Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Gray CL, Ray WA. Changes in continuity of enrollment among high-risk children following implementation of TennCare. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1999 Nov; 153(11): 1145-9. PMID: 10555715, ISSN: 1072-4710.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10555715.
  • Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Mitchel EF, Edwards KM, Thapa PB, Ray WA. Early childhood mortality from community-acquired infections. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1999 Sep 9/1/1999; 150(5): 517-27. PMID: 10472952, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10472952.
  • Cooper WO, Hickson GB, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Comparison of perinatal outcomes among TennCare managed care organizations. Pediatrics. 1999 Sep; 104(3 Pt 1): 525-9. PMID: 10469780, ISSN: 0031-4005.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10469780.
  • Scholer SJ, Hickson GB, Ray WA. Sociodemographic factors identify US infants at high risk of injury mortality. Pediatrics. 1999 Jun; 103(6 Pt 1): 1183-8. PMID: 10353926, ISSN: 0031-4005.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10353926.
  • Smalley W, Ray WA, Daugherty J, Griffin MR. Use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and incidence of colorectal cancer: a population-based study. Arch. Intern. Med. 1999 Jan 1/25/1999; 159(2): 161-6. PMID: 9927099, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9927099.
  • Brown NJ, Griffin MR, Ray WA, Meredith S, Beers MH, Marren J, Robles M, Stergachis A, Wood AJ, Avorn J. A model for improving medication use in home health care patients. J Am Pharm Assoc (Wash). 1998 Nov; 38(6): 696-702. PMID: 9861787, ISSN: 1086-5802.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9861787.
  • Thapa PB, Whitlock JA, Brockman Worrell KG, Gideon P, Mitchel EF, Roberson P, Pais R, Ray WA. Prenatal exposure to metronidazole and risk of childhood cancer: a retrospective cohort study of children younger than 5 years. Cancer. 1998 Oct 10/1/1998; 83(7): 1461-8. PMID: 9762949, PII: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0142(19981001)83:7<1461::AID-CNCR25>3.0.CO;2-1, ISSN: 0008-543X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9762949.
  • Thapa PB, Gideon P, Cost TW, Milam AB, Ray WA. Antidepressants and the risk of falls among nursing home residents. N. Engl. J. Med. 1998 Sep 9/24/1998; 339(13): 875-82. PMID: 9744971, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199809243391303, ISSN: 0028-4793.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9744971.
  • Smalley WE, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. No association between calcium channel blocker use and confirmed bleeding peptic ulcer disease. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1998 Aug 8/15/1998; 148(4): 350-4. PMID: 9717878, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9717878.
  • Ray WA, Gigante J, Mitchel EF, Hickson GB. Perinatal outcomes following implementation of TennCare. JAMA. 1998 Jan 1/28/1998; 279(4): 314-6. PMID: 9450717, PII: jcu71008, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9450717.
  • Scholer SJ, Hickson GB, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Persistently increased injury mortality rates in high-risk young children. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 1997 Dec; 151(12): 1216-9. PMID: 9412596, ISSN: 1072-4710.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9412596.
  • Ray WA. Policy and program analysis using administrative databases. Ann. Intern. Med. 1997 Oct 10/15/1997; 127(8 Pt 2): 712-8. PMID: 9382385, ISSN: 0003-4819.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9382385.
  • Scholer SJ, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Predictors of injury mortality in early childhood. Pediatrics. 1997 Sep; 100(3 Pt 1): 342-7. PMID: 9282703, ISSN: 0031-4005.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9282703.
  • Ray WA, Taylor JA, Meador KG, Thapa PB, Brown AK, Kajihara HK, Davis C, Gideon P, Griffin MR. A randomized trial of a consultation service to reduce falls in nursing homes. JAMA. 1997 Aug 8/20/1997; 278(7): 557-62. PMID: 9268276, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9268276.
  • Shorr RI, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Incidence and risk factors for serious hypoglycemia in older persons using insulin or sulfonylureas. Arch. Intern. Med. 1997 Aug 8/11/1997; 157(15): 1681-6. PMID: 9250229, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9250229.
  • Ray WA, Mitchel EF, Piper JM. Effect of Medicaid expansions on preterm birth. Am J Prev Med. 1997 Jul; 13(4): 292-7. PMID: 9236967, ISSN: 0749-3797.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9236967.
  • Meador KG, Taylor JA, Thapa PB, Fought RL, Ray WA. Predictors of antipsychotic withdrawal or dose reduction in a randomized controlled trial of provider education. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1997 Feb; 45(2): 207-10. PMID: 9033521, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9033521.
  • Ray WA. Safety and mobility of the older driver: A research challenge. JAMA. 1997; 278: 66-7.
  • Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Obstetric care provider density and delayed onset of prenatal care. Med Care. 1996 Oct; 34(10): 1066-70. PMID: 8843931, ISSN: 0025-7079.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8843931.
  • Thapa PB, Gideon P, Brockman KG, Fought RL, Ray WA. Clinical and biomechanical measures of balance as fall predictors in ambulatory nursing home residents. J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci. 1996 Sep; 51(5): M239-46. PMID: 8808996, ISSN: 1079-5006.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8808996.
  • Ray WA. Clinical studies of drug effects in humans. Clin. Chem. 1996 Aug; 42(8 Pt 2): 1306-11. PMID: 8697603, ISSN: 0009-9147.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8697603.
  • Smalley WE, Griffin MR, Fought RL, Ray WA. Excess costs from gastrointestinal disease associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. J Gen Intern Med. 1996 Aug; 11(8): 461-9. PMID: 8872783, ISSN: 0884-8734.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8872783.
  • Brown NJ, Ray WA, Snowden M, Griffin MR. Black Americans have an increased rate of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor-associated angioedema. Clin. Pharmacol. Ther. 1996 Jul; 60(1): 8-13. PMID: 8689816, PII: S0009-9236(96)90161-7, DOI: 10.1016/S0009-9236(96)90161-7, ISSN: 0009-9236.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8689816.
  • Shorr RI, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Individual sulfonylureas and serious hypoglycemia in older people. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Jul; 44(7): 751-5. PMID: 8675920, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8675920.
  • Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Evaluation of a program for prenatal care case management. Fam Plann Perspect. 1996 Mar; 28(2): 65-8. PMID: 8777941, ISSN: 0014-7354.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8777941.
  • Thapa PB, Brockman KG, Gideon P, Fought RL, Ray WA. Injurious falls in nonambulatory nursing home residents: a comparative study of circumstances, incidence, and risk factors. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1996 Mar; 44(3): 273-8. PMID: 8600195, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8600195.
  • Griffin MR, Brandt KD, Liang MH, Pincus T, Ray WA. Practical management of osteoarthritis. Integration of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic measures. Arch Fam Med. 1995 Dec; 4(12): 1049-55. PMID: 7496554, ISSN: 1063-3987.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7496554.
  • Thapa PB, Gideon P, Fought RL, Ray WA. Psychotropic drugs and risk of recurrent falls in ambulatory nursing home residents. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1995 Jul 7/15/1995; 142(2): 202-11. PMID: 7598120, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7598120.
  • Smalley WE, Griffin MR, Fought RL, Sullivan L, Ray WA. Effect of a prior-authorization requirement on the use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs by Medicaid patients. N. Engl. J. Med. 1995 Jun 6/15/1995; 332(24): 1612-7. PMID: 7753141, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199506153322406, ISSN: 0028-4793.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7753141.
  • Smalley WE, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and the incidence of hospitalizations for peptic ulcer disease in elderly persons. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1995 Mar 3/15/1995; 141(6): 539-45. PMID: 7900721, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7900721.
  • Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Presumptive eligibility for pregnant Medicaid enrollees: its effects on prenatal care and perinatal outcome. Am J Public Health. 1994 Oct; 84(10): 1626-30. PMID: 7943482, PMCID: PMC1615092, ISSN: 0090-0036.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7943482.
  • Thapa PB, Gideon P, Fought RL, Kormicki M, Ray WA. Comparison of clinical and biomechanical measures of balance and mobility in elderly nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 May; 42(5): 493-500. PMID: 8176143, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8176143.
  • Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Expanded Medicaid coverage for pregnant women to 100 percent of the federal poverty level. Am J Prev Med. 1994 Mar; 10(2): 97-102. PMID: 8037938, ISSN: 0749-3797.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8037938.
  • Thapa PB, Meador KG, Gideon P, Fought RL, Ray WA. Effects of antipsychotic withdrawal in elderly nursing home residents. J Am Geriatr Soc. 1994 Mar; 42(3): 280-6. PMID: 7907098, ISSN: 0002-8614.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7907098.
  • Shorr RI, Fought RL, Ray WA. Changes in antipsychotic drug use in nursing homes during implementation of the OBRA-87 regulations. JAMA. 1994 Feb 2/2/1994; 271(5): 358-62. PMID: 8283585, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8283585.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Avorn J. Evaluating drugs after their approval for clinical use. N. Engl. J. Med. 1993 Dec 12/30/1993; 329(27): 2029-32. PMID: 8018139, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199312303292710, ISSN: 0028-4793.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8018139.
  • Piper JM, Mitchel EF, Ray WA. Prenatal use of metronidazole and birth defects: no association. Obstet Gynecol. 1993 Sep; 82(3): 348-52. PMID: 8355932, ISSN: 0029-7844.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8355932.
  • Shorr RI, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Reserpine reconsidered: no association with serious peptic ulcer disease. J Gen Intern Med. 1993 Sep; 8(9): 510-2. PMID: 8410424, ISSN: 0884-8734.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8410424.
  • Shorr RI, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Concurrent use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and oral anticoagulants places elderly persons at high risk for hemorrhagic peptic ulcer disease. Arch. Intern. Med. 1993 Jul 7/26/1993; 153(14): 1665-70. PMID: 8333804, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8333804.
  • Ray WA, Thapa PB, Shorr RI. Medications and the older driver. Clin. Geriatr. Med. 1993 May; 9(2): 413-38. PMID: 8504389, ISSN: 0749-0690.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8504389.
  • Ray WA, Taylor JA, Meador KG, Lichtenstein MJ, Griffin MR, Fought R, Adams ML, Blazer DG. Reducing antipsychotic drug use in nursing homes. A controlled trial of provider education. Arch. Intern. Med. 1993 Mar 3/22/1993; 153(6): 713-21. PMID: 8447709, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8447709.
  • Thapa PB, Ray WA. Can thiazide diuretics be recommended routinely to reduce hip fracture risk?. Drugs Aging. 1993 Mar; 3(2): 99-105. PMID: 8477150, ISSN: 1170-229X.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8477150.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Fought RL, Melton LJ. Black-white differences in fracture rates. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1992 Dec 12/1/1992; 136(11): 1378-85. PMID: 1488964, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1488964.
  • Ray WA. Psychotropic drugs and injuries among the elderly: a review. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 1992 Dec; 12(6): 386-96. PMID: 1474177, ISSN: 0271-0749.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1474177.
  • Ray WA, Fought RL, Decker MD. Psychoactive drugs and the risk of injurious motor vehicle crashes in elderly drivers. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1992 Oct 10/1/1992; 136(7): 873-83. PMID: 1442753, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1442753.
  • Piper JM, Ray WA, Rosa FW. Pregnancy outcome following exposure to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Obstet Gynecol. 1992 Sep; 80(3 Pt 1): 429-32. PMID: 1495700, ISSN: 0029-7844.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1495700.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Fought RL, Adams ML. Identification of fractures from computerized Medicare files. J Clin Epidemiol. 1992 Jul; 45(7): 703-14. PMID: 1619449, PII: 0895-4356(92)90047-Q, ISSN: 0895-4356.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1619449.
  • Shorr RI, Griffin MR, Daugherty JR, Ray WA. Opioid analgesics and the risk of hip fracture in the elderly: codeine and propoxyphene. J Gerontol. 1992 Jul; 47(4): M111-5. PMID: 1624693, ISSN: 0022-1422.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1624693.
  • Griffin MR, Taylor JA, Daugherty JR, Ray WA. No increased risk for invasive bacterial infection found following diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis immunization. Pediatrics. 1992 Apr; 89(4 Pt 1): 640-2. PMID: 1557243, ISSN: 0031-4005.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1557243.
  • Ray WA, Gurwitz J, Decker MD, Kennedy DL. Medications and the safety of the older driver: is there a basis for concern?. Hum Factors. 1992 Feb; 34(1): 33-47; discussion 49. PMID: 1577502, ISSN: 0018-7208.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1577502.
  • Ray WA, Taylor JA, Lichtenstein MJ, Meador KG. The Nursing Home Behavior Problem Scale. J Gerontol. 1992 Jan; 47(1): M9-16. PMID: 1730851, ISSN: 0022-1422.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1730851.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Mortimer EA, Fenichel GM, Schaffner W. Risk of seizures after measles-mumps-rubella immunization. Pediatrics. 1991 Nov; 88(5): 881-5. PMID: 1945626, ISSN: 0031-4005.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1945626.
  • O'Day DM, Ray WA, Head WS, Robinson RD, Williams TE. Influence of corticosteroid on experimentally induced keratomycosis. Arch. Ophthalmol. 1991 Nov; 109(11): 1601-4. PMID: 1755744, ISSN: 0003-9950.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1755744.
  • Piper JM, Ray WA, Daugherty JR, Griffin MR. Corticosteroid use and peptic ulcer disease: role of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Ann. Intern. Med. 1991 May 5/1/1991; 114(9): 735-40. PMID: 2012355, ISSN: 0003-4819.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2012355.
  • O'Day DM, Ray WA, Robinson RD, Head WS, Williams TE. Differences in response in vivo to amphotericin B among Candida albicans strains. Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 1991 Apr; 32(5): 1569-72. PMID: 2016138, ISSN: 0146-0404.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2016138.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Malcolm E. Cyclic antidepressants and the risk of hip fracture. Arch. Intern. Med. 1991 Apr; 151(4): 754-6. PMID: 2012459, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2012459.
  • Griffin MR, Piper JM, Daugherty JR, Snowden M, Ray WA. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and increased risk for peptic ulcer disease in elderly persons. Ann. Intern. Med. 1991 Feb 2/15/1991; 114(4): 257-63. PMID: 1987872, ISSN: 0003-4819.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1987872.
  • Piper JM, Ray WA, Griffin MR. Effects of Medicaid eligibility expansion on prenatal care and pregnancy outcome in Tennessee. JAMA. 1990 Nov 11/7/1990; 264(17): 2219-23. PMID: 2214099, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2214099.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Baugh DK. Mortality following hip fracture before and after implementation of the prospective payment system. Arch. Intern. Med. 1990 Oct; 150(10): 2109-14. PMID: 2222096, ISSN: 0003-9926.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2222096.
  • Piper JM, Ray WA, Griffin MR, Fought R, Daughtery JR, Mitchel E. Methodological issues in evaluating expanded Medicaid coverage for pregnant women. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1990 Sep; 132(3): 561-71. PMID: 2202203, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2202203.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Mortimer EA, Fenichel GM, Schaffner W. Risk of seizures and encephalopathy after immunization with the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine. JAMA. 1990 Mar 3/23/1990; 263(12): 1641-5. PMID: 2308203, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2308203.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, West R, Strand L, Melton LJ. Incidence of hip fracture in Saskatchewan, Canada, 1976-1985. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1990 Mar; 131(3): 502-9. PMID: 2301358, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2301358.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Shorr RI. Adverse drug reactions and the elderly. Health Aff (Millwood). 1990; 9(3): 114-22. PMID: 2227772, ISSN: 0278-2715.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2227772.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Downey W. Benzodiazepines of long and short elimination half-life and the risk of hip fracture. JAMA. 1989 Dec 12/15/1989; 262(23): 3303-7. PMID: 2573741, ISSN: 0098-7484.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2573741.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR, Downey W, Melton LJ. Long-term use of thiazide diuretics and risk of hip fracture. Lancet. 1989 Apr 4/1/1989; 1(8640): 687-90. PMID: 2564506, ISSN: 0140-6736.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2564506.
  • Ray WA, Griffin MR. Use of Medicaid data for pharmacoepidemiology. Am. J. Epidemiol. 1989 Apr; 129(4): 837-49. PMID: 2646920, ISSN: 0002-9262.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2646920.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Livengood JR, Schaffner W. Risk of sudden infant death syndrome after immunization with the diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine. N. Engl. J. Med. 1988 Sep 9/8/1988; 319(10): 618-23. PMID: 3261837, DOI: 10.1056/NEJM198809083191006, ISSN: 0028-4793.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3261837.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Schaffner W. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use and death from peptic ulcer in elderly persons. Ann. Intern. Med. 1988 Sep 9/1/1988; 109(5): 359-63. PMID: 3261560, ISSN: 0003-4819.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3261560.
  • Griffin MR, Ray WA, Fought RL, Foster MA, Hays A, Schaffner W. Monitoring the safety of childhood immunizations: methods of linking and augmenting computerized data bases for epidemiologic studies. Am J Prev Med. 1988; 4(2 Suppl): 5-13. PMID: 3079351, ISSN: 0749-3797.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3079351.
  • Ray WA, Blazer DG, Schaffner W, Federspiel CF. Reducing antipsychotic drug prescribing for nursing home patients: a controlled trial of the effect of an educational visit. Am J Public Health. 1987 Nov; 77(11): 1448-50. PMID: 2889382, PMCID: PMC1647107, ISSN: 0090-0036.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2889382.
  • Kaisary A, Smith P, Jaczq E, McAllister CB, Wilkinson GR, Ray WA, Branch RA. Genetic predisposition to bladder cancer: ability to hydroxylate debrisoquine and mephenytoin as risk factors. Cancer Res. 1987 Oct 10/15/1987; 47(20): 5488-93. PMID: 3652049, ISSN: 0008-5472.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3652049.
  • Ray WA, Federspiel CF, Baugh DK, Dodds S. Interstate variation in elderly Medicaid nursing home populations. Comparisons of resident characteristics and medical care utilization. Med Care. 1987 Aug; 25(8): 738-52. PMID: 3121956, ISSN: 0025-7079.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3121956.
  • Branch RA, Jackson EK, Jacqz E, Stein R, Ray WA, Ohnhaus EE, Meusers P, Heidemann H. Amphotericin-B nephrotoxicity in humans decreased by sodium supplements with coadministration of ticarcillin or intravenous saline. Klin. Wochenschr. 1987 Jun 6/1/1987; 65(11): 500-6. PMID: 3475498, ISSN: 0023-2173.
    Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3475498.