News: Cancer Research

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Data mining reveals cancer-driving genes

Thursday, January 22nd, 2015

Prospecting for genes that might be implicated in cancer, a Vanderbilt University Medical Center research team has struck pay dirt. Zhongming Zhao, Ph.D., Peilin Jia, Ph.D., and colleagues use novel computational methods to sift through online repositories of molecular data gathered by cancer researchers worldwide. These results, and further analyses planned by the team, can […]

Enzyme affects tumor metastasis

Thursday, January 8th, 2015

Breast cancer remains the most common type of cancer in females, with survival rates decreasing sharply for those with distant metastases. MMP2, a type of enzyme that degrades the extracellular matrix, has previously been implicated in the development of distant tumor metastases, but without a clearly defined role. In the Journal of Pathology, Barbara Fingleton, […]

Combo therapy may help fight melanoma

Thursday, January 8th, 2015

Two therapies already in clinical development as single agents may work in combination to treat many subtypes of melanoma, a recent study suggests.

Potential Prostate Cancer Blood Test

Tuesday, January 6th, 2015

Vanderbilt University researcher William Mitchell, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues in Germany and Canada have demonstrated a method for detecting “cell-free” tumor DNA in the bloodstream.

Gene linked to breast cancer therapy response

Friday, November 21st, 2014

A group of Vanderbilt-led investigators has identified a new gene mutation that may explain why some breast cancer patients do not respond to anti-hormone therapy. The study was published online in the Journal of Clinical Investigation. Luis Schwarz, M.D., and Emily Fox, Ph.D., served as co-first authors of the study, led by senior author Carlos […]

More breast cancer patients choose mastectomy

Friday, November 21st, 2014

Far more breast cancer patients are choosing to undergo mastectomy, including removal of both breasts, instead of choosing breast conservation surgery even when they have early stage disease that is confined to one breast, a Vanderbilt study shows.

New insight on oral cancer culprits

Wednesday, November 12th, 2014

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) treatments have been slow to advance despite the aggressive nature of these tumors that commonly metastasize. Models for the development of improved OSCC therapeutics have also been scarce. Thomas Andl, Ph.D., Claudia Andl, Ph.D., and colleagues previously observed coordinated loss of connective molecules (E-cadherin) and growth factor (TGFbeta) signaling in […]

Bone Cancer Image Featured in Contest

Tuesday, November 11th, 2014

An image by Dylan Burnette, Ph.D., an assistant professor of Cell and Developmental Biology and Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center member, was chosen as a winning entry in the 2014 Nikon Small World Photomicrography Competition. Burnette’s image shows an osteosarcoma (bone cancer) cell at 8000X magnification.

Protein “pockets” help ID cancer genes

Tuesday, November 11th, 2014

Somatic mutations, which can occur in any cell except sperm or egg, are not inheritable. Several recent studies have demonstrated that disease-causing mutations commonly alter protein folding, protein stability and protein-protein interactions. It has been difficult, however, to determine which somatic mutations identified in tumor samples “drive” the cancer development and which are just “along […]

Immune cell activity and melanoma

Thursday, November 6th, 2014

Melanoma, the most lethal form of skin cancer, spreads aggressively and is often resistant to therapy. Melanoma tumor formation is driven in part by nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)-mediated gene transcription, and loss of NF-kappaB activity can block melanoma tumor formation. However, NF-kappaB also plays a crucial role in immune cells. In an October online edition […]