Jennifer A. Pietenpol, Ph.D.
Benjamin F. Byrd, Jr. Professor of Oncology Director
Professor of Biochemistry, Otolaryngology, Cancer Biology
Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
Administrator and Researcher
Vanderbilt University Medical Center
652 Preston Research Building
Nashville, TN 37232-0146
Jennifer A. Pietenpol, Ph.D., is the director of the Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center and Professor of Molecular Oncology. She has led the center's basic science and translational research programs as associate director since 2002 and is a past program leader for Signal Transduction and Cell Proliferation, one of seven research programs in the center. She has served as the principal investigator of the Robert J. Kleberg, Jr. and Helen C. Kleberg Foundation Center for Cancer Genetics and Genomics since 2002.
Professor Pietenpol's research focuses on the p53 signaling network - the most frequently targeted area for mutation in human tumors. The goals of her research are to define molecular changes that are frequent in tumor cells and to use bench-based discoveries to advance patient care. Currently, her research is funded by the National Cancer Institute, the Department of Defense, the Komen Foundation, and AstraZeneca.
For the past 12 years, she has instructed numerous medical and graduate student courses at Vanderbilt University. In 2004, she was honored with the Excellence in Teaching Award at Vanderbilt for her mentoring of graduate and medical students in the research setting. From 1994-2005, Pietenpol was the co-director of the American Association for Cancer Research Course Molecular Biology in Clinical Oncology.
Pietenpol has authored or co-authored over 80 articles published in peer-reviewed scientific literature. She is a member of several review panels at the National Institutes of Health, the American Cancer Society and the Komen Foundation. Since 2002, she has served as the chair of the American Cancer Society Institutional Review Group. She is currently an associate editor for the journals Cancer Research and Cell Cycle and is also on the Editorial Board for several other journals including, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Breast Cancer Research, Carcinogenesis and Cancer Biology & Therapy.
Professor Pietenpol received her B.A. in Biology from Carleton College in 1986 and earned her Ph.D. in Cell Biology from Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in 1990, followed by a postdoctoral fellowship in Oncology at Johns Hopkins University. In 1994, Pietenpol joined the Vanderbilt faculty and was soon honored with a Burroughs Wellcome Award for her investigations in the areas of Biochemistry and Cancer Biology.
p53 family signaling axis (p53, p63, and p73); Mechanisms of cell cycle checkpoints; Breast Cancer; Head and Neck Cancer
Pietenpol Research Summary
Some defining properties of tumor cells are increased cell proliferation, decreased cell death and genomic instability. These characteristics are acquired as a consequence of mutations in genes that control the fidelity and frequency of cell division as well as the ability of the cell to initiate pathways of apoptosis. A goal of cancer-based research is to provide new therapeutic approaches that specifically target the molecular interactions and biochemical pathways that are changed in tumor cells. In order to achieve this goal, a much greater understanding of the signaling pathways that control normal proliferation is required and is the continuing focus of research in the Pietenpol Laboratory.
Research in the Pietenpol laboratory has set the stage for current and future studies that are focused on further dissection of select biochemical pathways that control processes of tumor suppression, development, metabolism, and aging. An overall focus is to determine the role of the p53 family signaling axis in normal proliferation and tumorigenesis of squamous and glandular epithelial cells and to translate mechanistic findings to advances in cancer patient care and treatment in the clinical setting.
Current research aims in the laboratory:
• Determining the role of novel p53 target genes in pathways of apoptosis and cellular response to genotoxic stress.
•Defining the role of novel p63 target genes in basal epithelial cell differentiation, migration, adhesion, and tumorigenesis.
• Discovering novel p73 target genes and defining the role of p73 in tumor suppression, metabolism, and aging-related diseases.
•Translating our molecular findings about the p53 family signaling axis and cell cycle checkpoint pathways to humans through analysis of breast, head and neck and prostate cancer.
- Barton, CE, Tahinci, E, Barbieri, CE, Johnson, KN, Hanson, AJ, Jernigan, KK, Chen, TW, Lee, E, Pietenpol, JA DeltaNp63 antagonizes p53 to regulate mesoderm induction in Xenopus laevis. Dev Biol, 2009.
- Rosenbluth, JM, Pietenpol, JA mTOR regulates autophagy-associated genes downstream of p73. Autophagy, 5(1), 114-6, 2009.
- Rosenbluth, JM, Mays, DJ, Pino, MF, Tang, LJ, Pietenpol, JA A gene signature-based approach identifies mTOR as a regulator of p73. Mol Cell Biol, 2008.
- Rosenbluth, JM, Pietenpol, JA The jury is in: p73 is a tumor suppressor after all. Genes Dev, 22(19), 2591-5, 2008.
- Brown, KA, Pietenpol, JA, Moses, HL A tale of two proteins: differential roles and regulation of Smad2 and Smad3 in TGF-beta signaling. J Cell Biochem, 101(1), 9-33, 2007.
- Bonine-Summers, AR, Aakre, ME, Brown, KA, Arteaga, CL, Pietenpol, JA, Moses, HL, Cheng, N Epidermal growth factor receptor plays a significant role in hepatocyte growth factor mediated biological responses in mammary epithelial cells. Cancer Biol Ther, 6(4), 561-70, 2007.
- Perez, CA, Pietenpol, JA Transcriptional programs regulated by p63 in normal epithelium and tumors. Cell Cycle, 6(3), 246-54, 2007.
- Schavolt, KL, Pietenpol, JA p53 and Delta Np63 alpha differentially bind and regulate target genes involved in cell cycle arrest, DNA repair and apoptosis. Oncogene, 26(42), 6125-32, 2007.
- Perez, CA, Ott, J, Mays, DJ, Pietenpol, JA p63 consensus DNA-binding site: identification, analysis and application into a p63MH algorithm. Oncogene, 26(52), 7363-70, 2007.
- Barbieri, CE, Tang, LJ, Brown, KA, Pietenpol, JA Loss of p63 leads to increased cell migration and up-regulation of genes involved in invasion and metastasis. Cancer Res, 66(15), 7589-97, 2006.
- Chakravarthy, AB, Kelley, MC, McLaren, B, Truica, CI, Billheimer, D, Mayer, IA, Grau, AM, Johnson, DH, Simpson, JF, Beauchamp, RD, Jones, C, Pietenpol, JA Neoadjuvant concurrent paclitaxel and radiation in stage II/III breast cancer. Clin Cancer Res, 12(5), 1570-6, 2006.
- Hinow, P, Rogers, CE, Barbieri, CE, Pietenpol, JA, Kenworthy, AK, DiBenedetto, E The DNA binding activity of p53 displays reaction-diffusion kinetics. Biophys J, 91(1), 330-42, 2006.
- Barbieri, CE, Pietenpol, JA p63 and epithelial biology. Exp Cell Res, 2006.
- Hearnes, JM, Mays, DJ, Schavolt, KL, Tang, L, Jiang, X, Pietenpol, JA Chromatin immunoprecipitation-based screen to identify functional genomic binding sites for sequence-specific transactivators. Mol Cell Biol, 25(22), 10148-58, 2005.
- Barbieri, CE, Perez, CA, Johnson, KN, Ely, KA, Billheimer, D, Pietenpol, JA IGFBP-3 is a direct target of transcriptional regulation by DeltaNp63alpha in squamous epithelium. Cancer Res, 65(6), 2314-20, 2005.
- Westfall, MD, Joyner, AS, Barbieri, CE, Livingstone, M, Pietenpol, JA Ultraviolet radiation induces phosphorylation and ubiquitin-mediated degradation of DeltaNp63alpha. Cell Cycle, 4(5), 710-6, 2005.
- Barbieri, CE, Pietenpol, JA p53 Family Members: Similar Biochemistry, Different Biology. Cancer Biol Ther, 4(4), 419-20, 2005.
- Sniezek, JC, Matheny, KE, Westfall, MD, Pietenpol, JA Dominant negative p63 isoform expression in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Laryngoscope, 114(12), 2063-72, 2004.
- Grandis, JR, Pietenpol, JA, Greenberger, JS, Pelroy, RA, Mohla, S Head and neck cancer: meeting summary and research opportunities. Cancer Res, 64(21), 8126-9, 2004.
- Brown, KA, Aakre, ME, Gorska, AE, Price, JO, Eltom, SE, Pietenpol, JA, Moses, HL Induction by transforming growth factor-beta1 of epithelial to mesenchymal transition is a rare event in vitro. Breast Cancer Res, 6(3), R215-31, 2004.
- Westfall, Matthew D., Pietenpol, Jennifer A. p63: molecular complexity in development and cancer. Carcinogenesis, 25857-864, 2004.
- Jo, Daewoong, Lin, Qing, Nashabi, Abudi, Mays, Deborah J, Unutmaz, Derya, Pietenpol, Jennifer A, Ruley, H Earl Cell cycle-dependent transduction of cell-permeant Cre recombinase proteins. J Cell Biochem, 89(4), 674-87, 2003.
- Stewart, Zoe A, Westfall, Matthew D, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Cell-cycle dysregulation and anticancer therapy. Trends Pharmacol Sci, 24139-45, 2003.
- Chakravarthy, Bapsi, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Combined modality management of breast cancer: development of predictive markers through proteomics. Semin Oncol, 30(4 Suppl 9), 23-36, 2003.
- Barbieri, Christopher E, Barton, Christopher E, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Delta Np63 alpha expression is regulated by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase pathway. J Biol Chem, 278(51), 51408-14, 2003.
- Matheny, Keith E, Barbieri, Christopher E, Sniezek, Joseph C, Arteaga, Carlos L, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Inhibition of Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Decreases p63 Expression in Head and Neck Squamous Carcinoma Cells. Laryngoscope, 113936-9, 2003.
- Anwar, Adil, Dehn, Donna, Siegel, David, Kepa, Jadwiga K, Tang, Luo Jia, Pietenpol, Jennifer A, Ross, David Interaction of human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) with the tumor suppressor protein p53 in cells and cell-free systems. J Biol Chem, 27810368-73, 2003.
- Massion, Pierre P, Taflan, Peter M, Jamshedur Rahman, S M, Yildiz, Pinar, Shyr, Yu, Edgerton, Mary E, Westfall, Matthew D, Roberts, John R, Pietenpol, Jennifer A, Carbone, David P, Gonzalez, Adriana L Significance of p63 amplification and overexpression in lung cancer development and prognosis. Cancer Res, 63(21), 7113-21, 2003.
- Westfall, Matthew D, Mays, Deborah J, Sniezek, Joseph C, Pietenpol, Jennifer A The Delta Np63 alpha phosphoprotein binds the p21 and 14-3-3 sigma promoters in vivo and has transcriptional repressor activity that is reduced by Hay-Wells syndrome-derived mutations. Mol Cell Biol, 232264-76, 2003.
- Coleman, Sean C, Stewart, Zoe A, Day, Terry A, Netterville, James L, Burkey, Brian B, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Analysis of cell-cycle checkpoint pathways in head and neck cancer cell lines: implications for therapeutic strategies. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 128(2), 167-76, 2002.
- Pietenpol, J A, Stewart, Z A Cell cycle checkpoint signaling: cell cycle arrest versus apoptosis. Toxicology, 181-182475-81, 2002.
- Sniezek, Joseph C, Matheny, Keith E, Burkey, Brian B, Netterville, James L, Pietenpol, Jennifer A Expression of p63 and 14-3-3sigma in normal and hyperdifferentiated mucosa of the upper aerodigestive tract. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg, 126(6), 598-601, 2002.
- Pawlak, Maciej R, Banik-Maiti, Sarbani, Pietenpol, Jennifer A, Ruley, H Earl Protein arginine methyltransferase I: substrate specificity and role in hnRNP assembly. J Cell Biochem, 87(4), 394-407, 2002.
- Eichten, A, Westfall, M, Pietenpol, JA, MÃ¼nger, K Stabilization and functional impairment of the tumor suppressor p53 by the human papillomavirus type 16 E7 oncoprotein. Virology, 295(1), 74-85, 2002.
- Ji, C, Amarnath, V, Pietenpol, J A, Marnett, L J 4-hydroxynonenal induces apoptosis via caspase-3 activation and cytochrome c release. Chem Res Toxicol, 14(8), 1090-6, 2001.
- Tahir, SK, Han, EK, Credo, B, Jae, HS, Pietenpol, JA, Scatena, CD, Wu-Wong, JR, Frost, D, Sham, H, Rosenberg, SH, Ng, SC A-204197, a new tubulin-binding agent with antimitotic activity in tumor cell lines resistant to known microtubule inhibitors. Cancer Res, 61(14), 5480-5, 2001.
- Stewart, Z A, Tang, L J, Pietenpol, J A Increased p53 phosphorylation after microtubule disruption is mediated in a microtubule inhibitor- and cell-specific manner. Oncogene, 20(1), 113-24, 2001.
- Szak, S T, Mays, D, Pietenpol, J A Kinetics of p53 binding to promoter sites in vivo. Mol Cell Biol, 21(10), 3375-86, 2001.
- Flatt, P M, Pietenpol, J A Mechanisms of cell-cycle checkpoints: at the crossroads of carcinogenesis and drug discovery. Drug Metab Rev, 32(3-4), 283-305, 2001.
- Stewart, Z A, Pietenpol, J A Syk: a new player in the field of breast cancer. Breast Cancer Res, 3(1), 5-7, 2001.
- Stewart, Z A, Pietenpol, J A p53 Signaling and cell cycle checkpoints. Chem Res Toxicol, 14(3), 243-63, 2001.
- Song, S Y, Meszoely, I M, Coffey, R J, Pietenpol, J A, Leach, S D K-Ras-independent effects of the farnesyl transferase inhibitor L-744,832 on cyclin B1/Cdc2 kinase activity, G2/M cell cycle progression and apoptosis in human pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. Neoplasia, 2(3), 261-72, 2000.
- Flatt, P M, Tang, L J, Scatena, C D, Szak, S T, Pietenpol, J A p53 regulation of G(2) checkpoint is retinoblastoma protein dependent. Mol Cell Biol, 20(12), 4210-23, 2000.
- Flatt, P M, Polyak, K, Tang, L J, Scatena, C D, Westfall, M D, Rubinstein, L A, Yu, J, Kinzler, K W, Vogelstein, B, Hill, D E, Pietenpol, J A p53-dependent expression of PIG3 during proliferation, genotoxic stress, and reversible growth arrest. Cancer Lett, 156(1), 63-72, 2000.
- Stewart, Z A, Pietenpol, J A Cell cycle checkpoints as therapeutic targets. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia, 4(4), 389-400, 1999.
- Stewart, Z A, Mays, D, Pietenpol, J A Defective G1-S cell cycle checkpoint function sensitizes cells to microtubule inhibitor-induced apoptosis. Cancer Res, 59(15), 3831-7, 1999.
- Peek, R M, Blaser, M J, Mays, D J, Forsyth, M H, Cover, T L, Song, S Y, Krishna, U, Pietenpol, J A Helicobacter pylori strain-specific genotypes and modulation of the gastric epithelial cell cycle. Cancer Res, 59(24), 6124-31, 1999.
- Szak, S.T. and Pietenpol, J.A "High affinity insertion/deletion lesion binding by p53: Evidence for a role of the p53 central domain." J. Biol. Chem., 2743904-3909, 1999.
- Szak, S T, Pietenpol, J A High affinity insertion/deletion lesion binding by p53. Evidence for a role of the p53 central domain. J Biol Chem, 274(6), 3904-9, 1999.
- NÃ¸rgaard, P, Law, B, Joseph, H, Page, D L, Shyr, Y, Mays, D, Pietenpol, J A, Kohl, N E, Oliff, A, Coffey, R J, Poulsen, H S, Moses, H L Treatment with farnesyl-protein transferase inhibitor induces regression of mammary tumors in transforming growth factor (TGF) alpha and TGF alpha/neu transgenic mice by inhibition of mitogenic activity and induction of apoptosis. Clin Cancer Res, 5(1), 35-42, 1999.
- Stewart, Z A, Leach, S D, Pietenpol, J A p21(Waf1/Cip1) inhibition of cyclin E/Cdk2 activity prevents endoreduplication after mitotic spindle disruption. Mol Cell Biol, 19(1), 205-15, 1999.
- Flatt, P.M., Price, J.O., and Pietenpol, J.A "Cell cycle response to DNA damage differs in normal human keratinocytes and fibroblasts." Cell Growth Diff., 9535-543, 1998.
- Flatt, P M, Price, J O, Shaw, A, Pietenpol, J A Differential cell cycle checkpoint response in normal human keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Cell Growth Differ, 9(7), 535-43, 1998.
- Ji, C, Rouzer, C A, Marnett, L J, Pietenpol, J A Induction of cell cycle arrest by the endogenous product of lipid peroxidation, malondialdehyde. Carcinogenesis, 19(7), 1275-83, 1998.
- Scatena, C D, Stewart, Z A, Mays, D, Tang, L J, Keefer, C J, Leach, S D, Pietenpol, J A Mitotic phosphorylation of Bcl-2 during normal cell cycle progression and Taxol-induced growth arrest. J Biol Chem, 273(46), 30777-84, 1998.
- Leach, S D, Scatena, C D, Keefer, C J, Goodman, H A, Song, S Y, Yang, L, Pietenpol, J A Negative regulation of Wee1 expression and Cdc2 phosphorylation during p53-mediated growth arrest and apoptosis. Cancer Res, 58(15), 3231-6, 1998.
- Jennings, M T, Pietenpol, J A The role of transforming growth factor beta in glioma progression. J Neurooncol, 36(2), 123-40, 1998.
- Koury, M J, Horne, D W, Brown, Z A, Pietenpol, J A, Blount, B C, Ames, B N, Hard, R, Koury, S T Apoptosis of late-stage erythroblasts in megaloblastic anemia: association with DNA damage and macrocyte production. Blood, 89(12), 4617-23, 1997.
- Ji, C, Marnett, L J, Pietenpol, J A Cell cycle re-entry following chemically-induced cell cycle synchronization leads to elevated p53 and p21 protein levels. Oncogene, 15(22), 2749-53, 1997.
- Pietenpol, J A A commentary on the 1996 American Association for Cancer Research Meeting--Cancer susceptibility genes and molecular carcinogenesis. Biochim Biophys Acta, 1288(1), R5-8, 1996.
- Pietenpol, JA, Lengauer, C, Jordan, J, Kinzler, KW, Vogelstein, B Mammalian cells resistant to tumor suppressor genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 93(16), 8390-4, 1996.
- Pietenpol, JA, Bohlander, SK, Sato, Y, Papadopoulos, N, Liu, B, Friedman, C, Trask, BJ, Roberts, JM, Kinzler, KW, Rowley, JD Assignment of the human p27Kip1 gene to 12p13 and its analysis in leukemias. Cancer Res, 55(6), 1206-10, 1995.
- Sato, Y., Suto, Y., Pietenpol, J.A., Golub, T.R. Gilliland, G., Davis, E., Le Beau, M.M., Vogelstein, B., Rowley, J., Bohlander, S.K "TEL and KIPI define the smallest region of deletions on 12pl3 in hematopoietic malignancies." Blood, 861525-1533, 1995.
- Pietenpol, J.A., Papadopoulos, N., Markowitz, S., Willson, J.K.V., Kinzler, KW., and Vogelstein, B "Paradoxical inhibition of solid tumor cell growth by bcl2." Cancer Res, 543714-3717, 1994.
- Pietenpol, JA, Papadopoulos, N, Markowitz, S, Willson, JK, Kinzler, KW, Vogelstein, B Paradoxical inhibition of solid tumor cell growth by bcl2. Cancer Res, 54(14), 3714-7, 1994.
- Pietenpol, JA, Tokino, T, Thiagalingam, S, el-Deiry, WS, Kinzler, KW, Vogelstein, B Sequence-specific transcriptional activation is essential for growth suppression by p53. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 91(6), 1998-2002, 1994.
- el-Deiry, WS, Harper, JW, O'Connor, PM, Velculescu, VE, Canman, CE, Jackman, J, Pietenpol, JA, Burrell, M, Hill, DE, Wang, Y WAF1/CIP1 is induced in p53-mediated G1 arrest and apoptosis. Cancer Res, 54(5), 1169-74, 1994.
- Oliner, JD, Pietenpol, JA, Thiagalingam, S, Gyuris, J, Kinzler, KW, Vogelstein, B Oncoprotein MDM2 conceals the activation domain of tumour suppressor p53. Nature, 362(6423), 857-60, 1993.
- Arteaga, C L, Carty-Dugger, T, Moses, H L, Hurd, S D, Pietenpol, J A Transforming growth factor beta 1 can induce estrogen-independent tumorigenicity of human breast cancer cells in athymic mice. Cell Growth Differ, 4(3), 193-201, 1993.
- Dagnino, L, Pietenpol, J A, Yang, E Y, Moses, H L Transforming growth factor regulation of keratinocyte growth. Recent Results Cancer Res, 12815-29, 1993.
- Pietenpol, JA, Vogelstein, B Tumour suppressor genes. No room at the p53 inn. Nature, 365(6441), 17-8, 1993.
- El-Delry, W.S., Kem, S.E., Pietenpol, J.A., Kinzler, K.W., and Vogelstein, B "Definition of consensus binding site for p53." Nat. Genet, 145-49, 1992.
- Kern, SE, Pietenpol, JA, Thiagalingam, S, Seymour, A, Kinzler, KW, Vogelstein, B Oncogenic forms of p53 inhibit p53-regulated gene expression. Science, 256(5058), 827-30, 1992.
- MÃ¼nger, K, Pietenpol, JA, Pittelkow, MR, Holt, JT, Moses, HL Transforming growth factor beta 1 regulation of c-myc expression, pRB phosphorylation, and cell cycle progression in keratinocytes. Cell Growth Differ, 3(5), 291-8, 1992.
- MÃ¼nger, K, Yee, CL, Phelps, WC, Pietenpol, JA, Moses, HL, Howley, PM Biochemical and biological differences between E7 oncoproteins of the high- and low-risk human papillomavirus types are determined by amino-terminal sequences. J Virol, 65(7), 3943-8, 1991.
- Munger, K., Yee, C.L., Phelps, W.C., Pietenpol, J.A., Moses, H.L., and Howley, P.M "Biochemical and biological differences between E7 oncoproteins of the high- and low- risk human papillomavirus types are determined by amino-terminal sequences." J. of Virol, 653943-3948, 1991.
- Pietenpol, J A, MÃ¼nger, K, Howley, P M, Stein, R W, Moses, H L Factor-binding element in the human c-myc promoter involved in transcriptional regulation by transforming growth factor beta 1 and by the retinoblastoma gene product. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 88(22), 10227-31, 1991.
- Moses, H L, Yang, E Y, Pietenpol, J A Regulation of epithelial proliferation by TGF-beta. Ciba Found Symp, 15766-74; discussion 75-80, 1991.
- Moses, H L, Pietenpol, J A, MÃ¼nger, K, Murphy, C S, Yang, E Y TGF beta regulation of epithelial cell proliferation: role of tumor suppressor genes. Princess Takamatsu Symp, 22183-95, 1991.
- Murphy, C S, Pietenpol, J A, MÃ¼nger, K, Howley, P M, Moses, H L c-myc and pRB: role in TGF-beta 1 inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol, 56129-35, 1991.
- Pietenpol, JA, Stein, RW, Moran, E, Yaciuk, P, Schlegel, R, Lyons, RM, Pittelkow, MR, MÃ¼nger, K, Howley, PM, Moses, HL TGF-beta 1 inhibition of c-myc transcription and growth in keratinocytes is abrogated by viral transforming proteins with pRB binding domains. Cell, 61(5), 777-85, 1990.
- Moses, HL, Yang, EY, Pietenpol, JA TGF-beta stimulation and inhibition of cell proliferation: new mechanistic insights. Cell, 63(2), 245-7, 1990.
- Pietenpol, JA, Holt, JT, Stein, RW, Moses, HL Transforming growth factor beta 1 suppression of c-myc gene transcription: role in inhibition of keratinocyte proliferation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 87(10), 3758-62, 1990.
- Pietenpol, JA, Howe, PH, Cunningham, MR, Leof, EB Interferon alpha/beta modulation of growth-factor-stimulated mitogenicity in AKR-2B fibroblasts. J Cell Physiol, 141(3), 453-60, 1989.
- B.A. - Carleton College, 1986
- Ph.D. - Vanderbilt University, 1990
- Fellowship - Johns Hopkins University, 1994