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Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer CenterVanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center


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Endometrial Cancer

This cancer of the lining of the uterus will be diagnosed in nearly 40,000 American women each year.

Things that slightly increase risk include:

  • Estrogen therapy without also taking progesterone
  • Using tamoxifen for breast cancer treatment or to lower chance of breast cancer
  • Early onset menstrual periods
  • Late menopause
  • History of infertility
  • Never having had children
  • Obesity
  • Diabetes

Also, women with a personal or family history of hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer are at greater risk of endometrial cancer.

What you can do

  • Watch for symptoms, such as unusual spotting or bleeding unrelated to periods, and report these to your doctor
  • At menopause, learn about the limitations and benefits of endometrial cancer testing.
  • Note – the Pap test is good a finding cancer of the cervix, but it is not a reliable test for endometrial cancer.

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