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Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Undergoing Surgery

This phase II / III trial studies the usefulness of treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab in addition to standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery. Immunotherapy with antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may remove the brake on the body’s immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may reduce the tumor size and the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed during surgery. A combined treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy might be more effective in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery.
Not Available
Phase II/III
Adults
Not Available
Not Available
Gibson, Mike
National
Vanderbilt University
05-30-2019
Treatment
ECOGGIEA2174
NCT03604991

Eligibility

18 Years
BOTH
NO
Inclusion Criteria:

STEP 1: Patients must have histologically confirmed T1N1-3M0 or T2-3N0-2M0 esophageal or gastroesophageal junctional adenocarcinoma (Siewert I and II)

STEP 1: Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

STEP 1: Patents must be deemed a surgical candidate by a thoracic surgeon, surgical oncologist, or surgeon who is qualified to perform an esophagectomy

STEP 1: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 1: Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 1: Total bilirubin =
STEP 1: Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase [SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamate pyruvate transaminase [SGPT]) =
STEP 1: Serum creatinine =
STEP 1: Hemoglobin (Hgb) >= 9 g/dL (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 1: Leukocytes >= 3,000/mm^3 (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 1: Patients may not have received prior chemotherapy or radiation therapy for management for this malignancy

STEP 1: Patients may not have received prior immunotherapy for management of this malignancy or for any other past malignancy

STEP 1: Patients must have no contraindication to receiving either carboplatin or paclitaxel chemotherapy

STEP 1: Patients must have no contraindication to receiving radiation therapy

STEP 1: Patients with active autoimmune disease or history of autoimmune disease that might recur, which may affect vital organ function or require immune suppressive treatment including systemic corticosteroids, should be excluded. These include but are not limited to patients with a history of immune related neurologic disease, multiple sclerosis, autoimmune (demyelinating) neuropathy, Guillain-Barre syndrome, myasthenia gravis; systemic autoimmune disease such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), connective tissue disease, scleroderma, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), Crohn’s, ulcerative colitis, hepatitis; and patients with a history of toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), Stevens-Johnson syndrome, or phospholipid syndrome should be excluded because of the risk of recurrence or exacerbation of disease. Patients with vitiligo, endocrine deficiencies including thyroiditis managed with replacement hormones including physiologic corticosteroids are eligible. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other arthropathies, Sjogren’s syndrome and psoriasis controlled with topical medication and patients with positive serology, such as antinuclear antibodies (ANA), anti-thyroid antibodies should be evaluated for the presence of target organ involvement and potential need for systemic treatment but should otherwise be eligible

STEP 1: Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger (precipitating event)

STEP 1: Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications with 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses >10 mg/day prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease

STEP 1: Adequate cardiac function including electrocardiogram (EKG) and echocardiogram for any patient with a history of congestive heart failure (CHF) or at risk because of underlying cardiovascular disease or exposure to cardiotoxic drugs

STEP 1: For patients with evidence of CHF, myocardial infarction (MI), cardiomyopathy, or myositis, cardiac evaluation including lab tests and cardiology consultations including EKG, creatine phosphokinase (CPK), troponin, and echocardiogram

STEP 1: Patients must not have a positive test result for hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBV sAg) or hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid (HCV RNA) indicating acute or chronic infection. Testing should be conducted to determine eligibility

STEP 1: Patients with a known history of testing positive for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or known acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) must have no detectable viral load on a stable anti-viral regimen

STEP 1: Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents

STEP 1: Patients with an uncontrolled intercurrent illness such as ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements will be excluded

STEP 1: Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to potential harm to the fetus from carboplatin, paclitaxel, or nivolumab. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study done within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. Those enrolled on Arm B with nivolumab must agree to have a pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of human chorionic gonadotropin [HCG]) within 24 hours of starting nivolumab to rule out pregnancy. A female of childbearing potential is any woman, regardless of sexual orientation or whether they have undergone tubal ligation, who meets the following criteria: 1) has not undergone a hysterectomy or bilateral oophorectomy; or 2) has not been naturally postmenopausal for at least 24 consecutive months (i.e., has had menses at any time in the preceding 24 consecutive months)

STEP 1: Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and sexually active males must either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or agree to use both double barrier contraception and birth control pills or implants for at least one month (female patients) or one week (male patients) prior to the start of the study drug and continuing for 5 months after the last dose of study drug (for female patients) and for 7 months after the last dose of study drug (for male patients who are sexually active with WOCBP). Investigators shall counsel WOCBP and male subjects who are sexually active with WOCBP on the importance of pregnancy prevention and the implications of an unexpected pregnancy

STEP 1: If patient says ‘Yes’ to “I choose to take part in the imaging study and will have the diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans”: patients must be able to tolerate MRI scans: * No history of untreatable claustrophobia * No magnetic resonance (MR) incompatible implants/devices or metallic foreign bodies * Weight compatible with limits imposed by the MRI scanner table

STEP 2: Patient registration must not exceed 12 weeks from time of esophagectomy

STEP 2: Patients must have a post-operative ECOG performance status of 0-2

STEP 2: Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/mcL (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 2: Platelets >= 100,000/mcL (within less than or equal to 14 days prior to randomization)

STEP 2: Total bilirubin =
STEP 2: AST (SGOT)/ ALT (SGPT) =
STEP 2: Serum creatinine =
STEP 2: Patients must be disease free following esophagectomy as is demonstrated by having no evidence of disease on a post-surgical computed tomography (CT) scan

STEP 2: Patients must not have an active, known or suspected autoimmune disease or a condition requiring treatment with steroids or immunosuppressive agents. Patients are permitted to enroll if they have vitiligo, type I diabetes mellitus, residual hypothyroidism due to autoimmune condition only requiring hormone replacement, psoriasis not requiring systemic treatment, or conditions not expected to recur in the absence of an external trigger

STEP 2: Patients must not have a condition requiring systemic treatment with either corticosteroids (> 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents) or other immunosuppressive medications with 14 days of study drug administration. Inhaled or topical steroids and adrenal replacement doses > 10 mg/day prednisone equivalents are permitted in the absence of active autoimmune disease

STEP 2: Patients must not be receiving any other investigational agents

STEP 2: Patients with an uncontrolled intercurrent illness such as ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements will be excluded

STEP 2: Women must not be pregnant or breast-feeding due to potential harm to the fetus from nivolumab or ipilimumab. All females of childbearing potential must have a blood test or urine study done (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 2 weeks prior to registration to rule out pregnancy. All patients must also agree to have a pregnancy test (minimum sensitivity 25 IU/L or equivalent units of HCG) within 24 hours of starting nivolumab to rule out pregnancy. Those enrolled on Arm D with ipilimumab must agree to have pregnancy tests within 72 hours of each ipilimumab administration to rule out pregnancy

STEP 2: Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and sexually active males must either abstain from sexual intercourse for the duration of their participation in the study or agree to use both double barrier contraception and birth control pills or implants for at least one month (female patients) or one week (male patients) prior to the start of the study drug and continuing for 5 months after the last dose of study drug (for female patients) and for 7 months after the last dose of study drug (for male patients who are sexually active with WOCBP). Investigators shall counsel WOCBP and male subjects who are sexually active with WOCBP on the importance of pregnancy prevention and the implications of an unexpected pregnancy

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