Clinical Trials Search at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center
A Phase III Trial of Anlotinib in Metastatic or Advanced Alveolar Soft Part Sarcoma, Leiomyosarcoma and Synovial Sarcoma
This study evaluates the safety and efficacy of AL3818 (anlotinib) hydrochloride in the treatment of metastatic or advanced alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS), leiomyosarcoma (LMS), and synovial sarcoma (SS). All participants with ASPS will receive open-label AL3818. In participants with LMS or SS, AL3818 will be compared to IV dacarbazine. Two-thirds of the participants will receive AL3818, one-third of the participants will receive IV dacarbazine.
This is a 2-arm, randomized, open-label, international, multicenter study comparing the efficacy of DCC-2618 to sunitinib in GIST patients who progressed on or were intolerant to first-line anticancer treatment with imatinib. Approximately 358 patients will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to DCC-2618 150 mg once daily (QD) (continuous dosing for 6 week cycles) or sunitinib 50 mg QD (6 week cycles, 4 weeks on, 2 weeks off).
Although regorafenib was approved for use in patients who had progressive GIST despite imatinib and / or sunitinib on the basis of phase II and phase III data, it has not been examined in a systematic fashion in patients with other forms of sarcoma. Given the activity of sorafenib, sunitinib and pazopanib in soft tissue sarcomas, and evidence of activity of sorafenib in osteogenic sarcoma and possibly Ewing / Ewing-like sarcoma, there is precedent to examine SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) such as regorafenib in sarcomas other than GIST. It is also recognized that SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors)such as regorafenib, sorafenib, pazopanib, and sunitinib have overlapping panels of kinases that are inhibited simultaneously. While not equivalent, most of these SMOKIs (small molecule oral kinase inhibitors) block vascular endothelial growth factor and platelet derived growth factors receptors (VEGFRs and PDGFRs), speaking to a common mechanism of action of several of these agents.