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Testing Oral Decitabine and Cedazuridine (ASTX727) in Combination with Venetoclax for Higher-Risk Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients

Leukemia

This phase Ib / II trial studies the effects of ASTX727 (decitabine and cedazuridine) in combination with venetoclax in treating patients with higher-risk acute myeloid leukemia patients who do not have a change in the gene called fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3). Decitabine is in a class of medications called hypomethylation agents. It works by helping the bone marrow produce normal blood cells and by killing abnormal cells in the bone marrow. Cedazuridine is an enzyme inhibitor. It helps to increase the amount of decitabine in the body so that the medication will have a greater effect. Venetoclax may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Venetoclax and decitabine are commonly given together for older patients with AML ASTX727 (a pill form of decitabine + cedazuridine) has been found to be equal to decitabine (given intravenously), and this part of the study is to confirm that venetoclax and ASTX727 is as safe as venetoclax and decitabine given intravenously. This study allows for lowering doses of study drugs to assure the dose chosen for the randomized study (second portion of this trial) is safe and tolerable for people. Giving ASTX727 in combination with venetoclax may help in the treatment of patients with higher-risk acute myeloid leukemia.
Leukemia
I/II
Savona, Michael
NCT04817241
VICCNCIHEM10417

Active Myeloid Target Compound Decitabine and Cedazuridine in Combination with Itacitinib for the Treatment of Myelodysplastic / Myeloproliferative Neoplasm (MDS / MPN) Overlap Syndromes, ABNL-MARRO Study

Multiple Cancer Types

This phase I / II trial tests the safety, side effects, and best dose of decitabine and cedazuridine (ASTX727) in combination with itacitinib and how well they work in treating patients with myelodysplastic / myeloproliferative neoplasm. Cedazuridine is in a class of medications called cytidine deaminase inhibitors. It prevents the breakdown of decitabine, making it more available in the body so that decitabine will have a greater effect. Decitabine is in a class of medications called hypomethylation agents. It works by helping the bone marrow produce normal blood cells and by killing abnormal cells in the bone marrow. Itacitinib may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Giving decitabine and cedazuridine in combination with itacitinib may work better in treating patients with myelodysplastic / myeloproliferative neoplasm.
Hematologic, Myelodysplastic Syndrome
I/II
Savona, Michael
NCT04061421
VICCHEMP1977

Pharmacokinetics, Safety, and Efficacy of ASTX727 in Combination With Venetoclax in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Multiple Cancer Types

The Phase 1 portion of this study is a single-arm, open-label, multicenter, non-randomized interventional study to evaluate the pharmacokinetic (PK) interaction, safety, and efficacy of ASTX727 when given in combination with venetoclax for the treatment of newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in adults who are age 75 years or older, or who have comorbidities that preclude use of intensive induction chemotherapy. The primary purpose of the study is to rule out drug-drug interactions between ASTX727 and venetoclax combination therapy by evaluating area under the curve (AUC) and maximum plasma concentration (Cmax) exposure. The Phase 2 portion of the study is to assess the efficacy of ASTX727 and venetoclax when given in combination and to evaluate potential PK interactions. Phase 2 will follow the same overall study design as Phase 1.
Leukemia, Phase I
I/II
Savona, Michael
NCT04657081
VICCHEMP20102