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Testing the Ability to Decrease Chemotherapy in Patients with HER2-Positive Breast Cancer Who Have No Remaining Cancer at Surgery after Limited Pre-operative Chemotherapy and HER2-Targeted Therapy

Breast

This clinical trial studies how well paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab work in eliminating further chemotherapy after surgery in patients with HER2-positive stage II-IIIa breast cancer who have no cancer remaining at surgery (either in the breast or underarm lymph nodes) after pre-operative chemotherapy and HER2-targeted therapy. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Trastuzumab is a form of targeted therapy because it works by attaching itself to specific molecules (receptors) on the surface of tumor cells, known as HER2 receptors. When trastuzumab attaches to HER2 receptors, the signals that tell the cells to grow are blocked and the tumor cell may be marked for destruction by the bodys immune system. Pertuzumab is a monoclonal antibody that may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving paclitaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab may enable fewer chemotherapy drugs to be given without compromising patient outcomes compared to the usual treatment.
Breast
II
Abramson, Vandana
NCT04266249
ECOGBREEA1181

9-ING-41 in Patients With Advanced Cancers

Multiple Cancer Types

GSK-3 is a potentially important therapeutic target in human malignancies. The Actuate 1801 Phase 1 / 2 study is designed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of 9-ING-41, a potent GSK-3 inhibitor, as a single agent and in combination with cytotoxic agents, in patients with refractory cancers.
Miscellaneous, Phase I
I/II
Davis, Elizabeth
NCT03678883
VICCPHI19127

Nivolumab and Ipilimumab in Treating Patients with Esophageal and Gastroesophageal Junction Adenocarcinoma Undergoing Surgery

Multiple Cancer Types

This phase II / III trial studies the usefulness of treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab in addition to standard of care chemotherapy and radiation therapy in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery. Immunotherapy with antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may remove the brake on the bodys immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy and radiation therapy may reduce the tumor size and the amount of normal tissue that needs to be removed during surgery. A combined treatment with nivolumab and ipilimumab, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy might be more effective in patients with esophageal and gastroesophageal junction adenocarcinoma who are undergoing surgery.
Esophageal, Gastric/Gastroesophageal
II/III
Gibson, Mike
NCT03604991
ECOGGIEA2174

Study of Trastuzumab Deruxtecan (T-DXd) vs Investigator's Choice Chemotherapy in HER2-low, Hormone Receptor Positive, Metastatic Breast Cancer

Breast

This study will evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of trastuzumab deruxtecan compared with investigator's choice chemotherapy in human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)2-low, hormone receptor (HR) positive breast cancer patients whose disease has progressed on endocrine therapy in the metastatic setting.
Breast
III
Rexer, Brent
NCT04494425
VICCBRE2072

Ramucirumab and Trifluridine / Tipiracil or Paclitaxel for the Treatment of Patients with Previously Treated Advanced Gastric or Gastroesophageal Junction Cancer

Gastric/Gastroesophageal

This phase II trial studies the effect of the combination of ramucirumab and trifluridine / tipiracil or paclitaxel in treating patients with previously treated gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer that has spread to other places in the body (advanced). Ramucirumab may damage tumor cells by targeting new blood vessel formation. Trifluridine / tipiracil is a chemotherapy pill and that may damage tumor cells by damaging their deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA). Paclitaxel may block cell growth by stopping cell division which may kill tumor cells. Giving ramucirumab and trifluridine / tipiracil will not be worse than ramucirumab and paclitaxel in treating gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer.
Gastric/Gastroesophageal
II
Gibson, Mike
NCT04660760
VICCGI2168

ASP-1929 Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) Study in Recurrent Head / Neck Cancer for Patients Who Have Failed at Least Two Lines of Therapy

Head/Neck

A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Arm, Open-Label, Controlled Trial of ASP-1929 vs Physician's Choice Standard of Care for the Treatment of Locoregional, Recurrent Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma in Patients Who Have Failed or Progressed On or After at Least Two Lines of Therapy
Head/Neck
III
Mannion, Kyle
NCT03769506
VICCHN1927

Testing the Addition of Nivolumab to Chemotherapy in Treatment of Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Sarcoma

This phase II trial studies how well paclitaxel with and without nivolumab works in treating patients with soft tissue sarcoma that have not received taxane drugs, and how well nivolumab and cabozantinib work in treating taxane pretreated patients with soft tissue sarcoma. Nivolumab works through the bodys immune system to help the immune system act against tumor cells. Chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Cabozantinib may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. This trial is being done to see if the combination of nivolumab and paclitaxel or cabozantinib can shrink soft tissue sarcoma and possibly prevent it from coming back.
Sarcoma
II
Davis, Elizabeth
NCT04339738
NRGSARA091902

Sotorasib Activity in Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors With KRAS p.G12C Mutation (CodeBreak 101)

Multiple Cancer Types

To evaluate the safety and tolerability of sotorasib administered in investigational regimens in adult participants with KRAS p.G12C mutant advanced solid tumors.
Miscellaneous, Phase I
I
Iams, Wade
NCT04185883
VICCPHI2025

Standard-Dose Combination Chemotherapy or High-Dose Combination Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Germ Cell Tumors

Multiple Cancer Types

This randomized phase III trial studies how well standard-dose combination chemotherapy works compared to high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant in treating patients with germ cell tumors that have returned after a period of improvement (relapsed) or did not respond to treatment (refractory). Chemotherapy drugs, such as paclitaxel, ifosfamide, cisplatin, carboplatin, and etoposide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving chemotherapy before a stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. Colony-stimulating factors, such as filgrastim or pegfilgrastim, and certain chemotherapy drugs, helps stem cells move from the bone marrow to the blood so they can be collected and stored. Chemotherapy is then given to prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy. It is not yet known whether high-dose combination chemotherapy and stem cell transplant are more effective than standard-dose combination chemotherapy in treating patients with refractory or relapsed germ cell tumors.
Germ Cell (Pediatrics), Pediatrics
III
Borinstein, Scott
NCT02375204
COGA031102

EA2176: Phase 3 Clinical Trial of Carboplatin and Paclitaxel + / - Nivolumab in Metastatic Anal Cancer Patients

Rectal

This phase 3 trial compares the addition of nivolumab to chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) versus usual treatment (chemotherapy alone) for the treatment of anal cancer that has spread to other places in the body (metastatic). Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab, may help the body's immune system attack the cancer, and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Chemotherapy drugs, such as carboplatin and paclitaxel, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving nivolumab together with carboplatin and paclitaxel may help doctors find out if the treatment is better or the same as the usual approach.
Rectal
III
Eng, Cathy
NCT04444921
ECOGGIEA2176