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Clinical Trials Search at Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center

Decitabine and Cedazuridine in Combination with Venetoclax for the Treatment of Patients who have Relapsed Acute Myeloid Leukemia after Donor Stem Cell Transplant

This phase II trial tests how well decitabine and cedazuridine (DEC-C) works in combination with venetoclax in treating acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in patients whose AML has come back after a period of improvement (relapse) after a donor stem cell transplant. Cedazuridine is in a class of medications called cytidine deaminase inhibitors. It prevents the breakdown of decitabine, making it more available in the body so that decitabine will have a greater effect. Decitabine is in a class of medications called hypomethylation agents. It works by helping the bone marrow produce normal blood cells and by killing abnormal cells in the bone marrow. Venetoclax is in a class of medications called B-cell lymphoma-2 (BCL-2) inhibitors. It may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking Bcl-2, a protein needed for cancer cell survival. Giving DEC-C in combination with venetoclax may kill more cancer cells in patients with relapsed AML.
Phase II
Chemotherapy - cytotoxic, Mol. targeted/Immunotherapy/Biologics
Cedazuridine, Decitabine, Venetoclax
Mohan, Sanjay
Vanderbilt University


18 Years
Inclusion Criteria:

Age >= 18 years at the time of signing the Informed Consent Form (ICF); must voluntarily sign an ICF and meet all study requirements

History of morphologically confirmed AML (per World Health Organization [WHO] diagnostic criteria) with evidence of disease recurrence (>= 5% blasts consistent with prior disease) that occurs after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). Patients transplanted for another indication (e.g., myelodysplastic syndrome/chronic myelomonocytic leukemia [MDS/CMML]) who relapse with AML are eligible to enroll

White blood cells (WBC) must be less than 25,000/ul for at least three days prior to cycle 1, day 1 (C1D1) (hydroxyurea allowed)

A bone marrow biopsy must be performed and tissue collected for entrance to the trial

Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status of 0 - 2

Alanine transaminase (ALT) serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase (SGPT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase (SGOT) less than or equal to 3x upper limit of normal (ULN)

Total bilirubin 1.5 x ULN * Patients with Gilberts syndrome (hereditary indirect hyperbilirubinemia) must have a total bilirubin of 3 x ULN

Calculated creatinine clearance >= 30 ml/min (per the Cockcroft-Gault formula)

Willingness to abide by all study requirements, including contraception, maintenance of a pill diary, and acceptance of recommended supportive care medications

Exclusion Criteria:

Prior relapse or progression while receiving venetoclax or other commercially available or investigational BCL-2 inhibitor

Anticancer therapy, including investigational agents = 2 weeks or = 5 half-lives of the drug, whichever is shorter, prior to C1D1. (Use of hydroxyurea is permitted)

Inadequate recovery from toxicity attributed to prior anti-cancer therapy to = Grade 1 (National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events [NCI CTCAE] version [v]5.0), excluding alopecia or fatigue

History of allogeneic HCT, or other cellular therapy product, within 3 months of signing consent

Clinically active acute or chronic graft versus host disease (GVHD). Patients must be off calcineurin inhibitors for at least 4 weeks to be eligible

Radiation therapy or major surgery within 3 weeks of signing consent

Active, uncontrolled infection. Patients with infection under active treatment and controlled with antibiotics are eligible. Prophylaxis is acceptable

Inability to tolerate oral medication, presence of poorly controlled gastrointestinal disease, or dysfunction that could affect study drug absorption

Active documented central nervous system leukemia

Concurrent treatment with a non-permitted concomitant medication

Other malignancy IF currently being treated or likely to be treated in next 6 months except for basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or cervical carcinoma in situ

Pregnancy or breastfeeding females

Known chronic alcohol or drug abuse

Clinically significant cardiovascular disease with major event or cardiac intervention within the past 6 months (e.g. percutaneous intervention, coronary artery bypass graft, documented cardiac heart failure) as determined by the investigator

Any other condition deemed by the investigator to make the patient a poor candidate for clinical trial and/or treatment with investigational agents

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